Chapter 19 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 19 Deck (88):
1

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

魯迅 or 鲁迅

Lu Xun (1881-1936), one of the earliest and best-known modern Chinese writers

2

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

近代史

jìn​ dài​ shǐ

early modern history

3

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

影響力 or 影响力

yǐng​ xiǎng ​lì

power to influence

4

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

文學家 or 文学家

wén​ xué ​jiā

man of letters, literatus

5

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

批評家 or 批评家

pī​ píng​ jiā

critic

6

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

出生

chū ​shēng

to be born

7

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

浙江

Zhè ​jiāng

PW: Chekiang Province

8

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

紹興 or 绍兴

Shào​ xīng

PW: Shaoxing, a country of Chekiang

9

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

富裕

fù ​yù

Adj: rich, prosperous (formal)

10

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

童年

tóng ​nián

childhood (formal)

11

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

入獄 or 入狱

rù ​yù

VO: to go to jail (literary)

12

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

突然

tū ​rán

Adv: Suddenly, unexpectedly

13

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

yóu

Prep: from

14

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

窮困 or 穷困

qióng​ kùn

impoverished (formal)

15

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

經歷 or 经历

jīng ​lì

N: one's accumulated experiences
V: to experience

16

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

體驗 or 体验

tǐ​ yàn

V: to understand from first-hand experience
N: first-hand experience

17

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

創作 or 创作

chuàng​ zuò

N: writings, work of art, literature
V: to write, to create

18

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

回憶 or 回忆

huí​ yì

N: memories
V: to recall

19

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

成了

chéng ​le

V: became

20

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

寫作 or 写作

xiě​ zuò

V: to write (works of literature)
N: writing

21

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

材料

cái​ liào

N: material (for a story, construction, etc.)

22

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

生病

shēng​-bìng

VO: to be sick

23

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

中醫 or 中医

Zhōng ​yī

N: doctor of Chinese medicine; Chinese medicine

24

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

不過 or 不过

bù guò

Adj: merely, only, just

25

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

有意

yǒu yì

Adj: intentional; to intend to

26

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

無意 or 无意

wú yì

Adj: unintentional

27

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

騙子 or 骗子

piàn zi

N: a cheat, swindler

28

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

西醫 or 西医

xī yī

N: Western medicine; doctor who practices Western medicine

29

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

治病

zhì bìng

VO: to treat a disease

30

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

偶然

ǒu rán

Adj: by chance; unexpectedly
Adv: unexpectedly

31

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

機會 or 机会

jī huì

N: opportunity

32

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

精神

jīng shén

N: spirit, energy

33

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

qún

M: a group of, a herd of

34

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

愚昧

yú mèi

Adj: stupid, ignorant

35

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

消滅

xiāo miè

V: to eradicate, obliterate

36

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

從事 or 从事

cóng shì

V: pursue (an occupation)

37

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

文藝 or 文艺

wén yì

N: the arts

38

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

喚醒 or 唤醒

huàn xǐng

RV: to awaken (someone) (only abstract sense)

39

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

短片

duǎn piàn

Adj: short (of novels)

40

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

小說 or 小说

xiǎo shuō

N: novel, story

41

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

狂人日記 or 狂人日记

Kuáng rén Rì jì

"Diary of a Madman", a short story by Lu Hsun (1918)

42

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

孔乙己

Kǒng Yǐ jǐ

"Kong Yiji", name of a short story by Lu Hsun (1921 - 1922)

43

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

阿Q正傳 or 阿Q正传

Ā Q Zhèng zhuàn

"The True Story of Ah Q", a short story by Lu Hsun (1919)

44

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

藥 or 药

yào

"Medicine", a short story by Lu Hsun

45

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

著名

zhù míng

Adj: famous (formal)

46

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

作品

zuò pǐn

N: a piece of artistic work

47

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

五四運動 or 五四运动

Wǔ sì Yùn dòng

May Fourth Movement (1919)

48

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

前後 or 前后

qián hòu

around, about (a certain time)

49

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

發表 or 发表

fā biǎo

V: to publish, to express (an opinion) publicly

50

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

娛樂 or 娱乐

yú lè

N: entertainment, amusement
V: to entertain

51

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

知識分子 or 知识分子

zhī shi fèn zǐ

N: an intellectual

52

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

認真 or 认真

rèn zhēn

Adj: conscientious, serious

53

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

重要

zhòng yào

Adj: important

54

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

地位

dì wèi

N: position, stand

55

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

古典

gǔ diǎn

Adj: classical

56

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

改良

gǎi liáng

V: to improve, to refine

57

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

嚴肅 or 严肃

yán sù

Adj: serious, solemn

58

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

主角

zhǔ jué

N: main character, protagonist

59

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

受重視 or 受重视

shòu zhòng shì

VO: to be considered important by..., to be valued by...

60

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

重視 or 重视

zhòng shì

V: to think highly, to consider as important

61

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

小人物

xiǎo rén wù

N: nobody, the little man

62

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

人物

rénwù

N: characters (in a book), people, (political) figures

63

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

壓迫 or 压迫

yā pò

V: to oppress
N: oppression

64

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

貧困 or 贫困

pín kùn

Adj: impoverished

65

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

農人 or 农人

nóng rén

N: peasants

66

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

失意

shī yì

Adj: dissappointed in one's life-time ambitions, frustrated

67

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

清末民初

Qīng mò Mín chū

TW: at the end of the Ching dynasty and the beginning of the Republic of China

68

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

毫不

háo bù

not at all

69

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

保留

bǎo liú

V: to hold back, to not speak freely

70

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

揭露

jiē lù

V: to expose

71

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

殘酷 or 残酷

cán kù

Adj: cruel

72

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

虛假 or 虚假

xū jiǎ

N: falseness, hypocrisy
Adj: false

73

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

中年

zhōng nián

N: middle age

74

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

大量

dà liàng

Adj: a large quantity, a large number

75

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

雜文 or 杂文

zá wén

N: an essay form made famous by Lu Hsun

76

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

無所不談 or 无所不谈

wú suǒ bù tán

"nothing which is not discussed", willing to talk about anything and having opinions on many subjects

77

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

時事 or 时事

shí shì

N: contemporary events

78

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

特點 or 特点

tè diǎn

N: "special points", characteristics

79

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

內容 or 内容

nèi róng

N: the content

80

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

帶 or 带

dài

V: to carry with (abstract), to bear, to have

81

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

諷刺 or 讽刺

fěng cì

Adj: satric
V: to satirize

82

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

意味

yì wèi

N: flavor (of piece of writing, speech, etc.), implications, nuances (formal)

83

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

廣大 or 广大

guǎng dà

Adj: vast, wide

84

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

時局 or 时局

shí jú

N: the state (of the nation or world)

85

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

多方面

duō fāng miàn

Adj: many aspects, multifaceted

86

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

國事 or 国事

guó shì

N: national affairs

87

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

關懷 or 关怀

guān huái

N: concern
V: to show concern for; to feel concern for

88

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

紀念 or 纪念

jì niàn

V: to commemorate
N: commemoration