Chapter 16 Gastrointestinal and Urologic Emergencies Flashcards Preview

EMT 104 > Chapter 16 Gastrointestinal and Urologic Emergencies > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 16 Gastrointestinal and Urologic Emergencies Deck (17):
1

Pain felt in an area of the body other than the area where the cause of the pain is located.

Referred pain

2

The membrane lining the abdominal cavity and covering the abdominal organs.

Peritoneum

3

The protrusion of a loop of an organ or tissue through an abnormal body opening.

Hernia

4

Inflammation of the bladder.

Cystitis

5

Inflammation of the pancreas.

Pancreatitis

6

A condition of sudden onset of pain within the abdomen, usually indicating peritonitis; immediate medical or surgical treatment is necessary.

Acute abdomen

7

Solid crystalline masses formed in the kidney, resulting from an excess of insoluble salts or uric acid crystallizing in the urine; may become trapped anywhere along the urinary tract.

Kidney stones

8

Inflammation of the peritoneum.

Peritonitis

9

Vomiting.

Emesis

10

Inflammation of the gallbladder.

Cholecystitis

11

Bulging out of the intestinal rings in small pockets at weak areas in the muscle walls, creating abdominal discomfort.

Diverticulitis

12

Involuntary muscle contractions (spasms) of the abdominal wall in an effort to protect an inflamed abdomen; a sign of peritonitis.

Guarding

13

Paralysis of the bowel, arising from any one of several causes; stops contractions that move material through the intestine.

Ileus

14

Inflammation of the appendix.

Appendicitis

15

Complete obstruction of blood circulation in a given organ as a result of compression or entrapment; an emergency situation causing death of tissue.

Strangulation

16

Severe kidney failure resulting in the buildup of waste products within the blood. Eventually brain functions will be impaired.

Uremia

17

Infections, usually of the lower urinary tract (urethra and bladder), which occur when normal flora bacteria enter the urethra and grow.

Urinary tract infection (UTI)