Chapter 16 -Psychological Disorders Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 16 -Psychological Disorders Deck (20):
1

Schizophrenia

A group or disorders characterized by hallucination delusion cognitive impairment mood disturbance and social withdrawal

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Hallucination

A false or distorted perception of objects or events

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Delusion

A false belief or opinion that is strongly held in spite of conclusive contradictory evidence

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Positive symptom

An abnormal behaviour such as hallucination and delusion , that does not occur in healthy individuals but occurs in people with schizophrenia

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Negative symptom

A normal and expected behaviour that is absent due to schizophrenia

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Concordance rate

The statistical probability that one individual will share a trait with another individual, typically a twin or other related person

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Saccade

The rapid eye movement that occurs when an individual is visually tracking a moving stimulus

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Typical antipsychotic medication

A dopamine antagonist that is used to treat schizophrenia or psychosis resulting from the use of dopamine agonists such as cocaine and amphetamine

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Psychological disorder

An unusual pattern of thinking feeling and behaving that is harmful to the self or others

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Phenothiazine

One of a major group of dopamine antagonists used in the treatment of psychosis

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Atypical antipsychotic medication

One of several newer medications used to treat schizophrenia that are not dopamine anagonists

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Chlorpromazine

A commonly prescribed dopamine antagonist also known as Thorazine

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Tardive dyskinesia

A chronic disorder characterized by involuntary, jerky movements, that occurs as the result of longterm treatment with antipsychotic medications

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Major depressive disorder (MDD)

A disorder in which intense feelings of sadness, hopelessness and worthlessness persist a minimum of two weeks

15

Bipolar disorder

A mood disorder characterized by alternating cycles of mania and depression

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Selective serotonin reputake inhibitor (SSRI)

a type of medication used to treat major depressive disorder and related conditions, that interferes with the reuptake of serotonin at the synapse

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Electroconvulsive shock therapy (ECT)

A treatment of mood disorders in which convulsions are produced by the passage of an electric current through the brain

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Mania

An emotional state characterized by abnormally elevated, expansive, or irritable mood

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Lithium

A simple salt that appears to stabilize serotonin and norepinephrine levels in cases of bipolar disorder

20

Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)

An anxiety disorder characterized by repetitive intrusive thoughts and the need to engage in certain behaviors to control anxiety