Chapter 17- Male Pathology (Red Terms from Review Videos) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 17- Male Pathology (Red Terms from Review Videos) Deck (81)
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1

abnormal urethral orifice on the ventral side of the penis (MC)

hypospadias

2

abnormal urethral orifice on the dorsal side of the penis (rare)

epispadias

3

95% of penile neoplasms are...

squamous cell carcinomas (SCC)

4

Risks for Penile Squamous Cell Carcinomas

uncircumcised, >40 years old, poor hygiene, developing countries, HPV-16 or -18, smoking

5

Signs/Symptoms of Penile Squamous Cell Carcinomas

abnormal texture, failure to heal

6

Increase in serous fluid in tunica vaginalis

hydrocele

7

_____ will result in elephantiasis

Filariasis

8

What percent of newborn males have cryptorchidism?

1%
(10% are bilateral)

9

Cryptorchidism can lead to _____ _____ by age 5-6 years; this will lead to sterility

testicular atrophy

10

Cryptorchidism will cause a 3-5x increase risk of ____ ____

testicular cancer

11

Inflammation of the epididymis is called...

epididymitis

12

Inflammation of the testis is called....

orchitis

13

Inflammation of the epididymis or testis commonly begin as...

UTI

14

These infections may cause testicular inflammation:
_____ (20%) or _____ (caseous granulomas)

Mumps (20% Orchitis in adult males)
TB

15

Signs/Symptoms of testicular torsion = spermatic cord twisting

severe engorgement, acute pain

16

Testicular torsion occurring in utero or perinatal

Neonatal torsion

17

MC Testicular torsion occurring between age 12-18

Adult torsion

18

Deformity leading to adult torsion

bell-clapper deformity

19

Testicular neoplasia MC between ages...

15-34 years old

20

Risks for testicular neoplasia

History of cryptorchidism in 10% of cases
Family history: brother (8-10x)
Caucasians, CA in contralateral testicle
Gonadal dysgenesis, androgen insensitivity

21

Malignant form of testicular neoplasia

Germ Cell Tumors (GCTs)

22

Types of germ cell tumors

1. Seminoma
2. Nonseminomatous GCTs

23

Seminomas occur in the age range....

40-50 years

24

Seminomas are identifiable by...

lesions: well-demarcated
cells: uniform, round nuclei

25

Embryonal carcinoma (a type of Nonseminomatous GCTs) occur in the age range...

20-30 years

26

Yolk sac tumor (a type of nonseminomatous GCTs) occur at age...

3 years

27

Choriocarcinoma (a type of nonseminomatous CGTs) is identifiable by...

increase hCG

28

Teratoma (a type of nonseminomatous GCTs) occurs in the age range...

all ages

29

Embryonal carcinoma (a type of nonseminomatous GCTs) are identifiable by...

undifferentiated, indistinct borders

30

Features of testicular cancers are...

MC a painless testicular mass
Non-translucent