Flashcards in Chapter 17- Male Pathology (Red Terms from Review Videos) Deck (81)
abnormal urethral orifice on the ventral side of the penis (MC)
abnormal urethral orifice on the dorsal side of the penis (rare)
95% of penile neoplasms are...
squamous cell carcinomas (SCC)
Risks for Penile Squamous Cell Carcinomas
uncircumcised, >40 years old, poor hygiene, developing countries, HPV-16 or -18, smoking
Signs/Symptoms of Penile Squamous Cell Carcinomas
abnormal texture, failure to heal
Increase in serous fluid in tunica vaginalis
_____ will result in elephantiasis
What percent of newborn males have cryptorchidism?
(10% are bilateral)
Cryptorchidism can lead to _____ _____ by age 5-6 years; this will lead to sterility
Cryptorchidism will cause a 3-5x increase risk of ____ ____
Inflammation of the epididymis is called...
Inflammation of the testis is called....
Inflammation of the epididymis or testis commonly begin as...
These infections may cause testicular inflammation:
_____ (20%) or _____ (caseous granulomas)
Mumps (20% Orchitis in adult males)
Signs/Symptoms of testicular torsion = spermatic cord twisting
severe engorgement, acute pain
Testicular torsion occurring in utero or perinatal
MC Testicular torsion occurring between age 12-18
Deformity leading to adult torsion
Testicular neoplasia MC between ages...
15-34 years old
Risks for testicular neoplasia
History of cryptorchidism in 10% of cases
Family history: brother (8-10x)
Caucasians, CA in contralateral testicle
Gonadal dysgenesis, androgen insensitivity
Malignant form of testicular neoplasia
Germ Cell Tumors (GCTs)
Types of germ cell tumors
2. Nonseminomatous GCTs
Seminomas occur in the age range....
Seminomas are identifiable by...
cells: uniform, round nuclei
Embryonal carcinoma (a type of Nonseminomatous GCTs) occur in the age range...
Yolk sac tumor (a type of nonseminomatous GCTs) occur at age...
Choriocarcinoma (a type of nonseminomatous CGTs) is identifiable by...
Teratoma (a type of nonseminomatous GCTs) occurs in the age range...
Embryonal carcinoma (a type of nonseminomatous GCTs) are identifiable by...
undifferentiated, indistinct borders