Chapter 18- Female Anatomy (Red Terms from Review Videos) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 18- Female Anatomy (Red Terms from Review Videos) Deck (62)
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1

What is the MC pathology of the vulva?

Inflammation (Vulvitis)

2

____ is a cause of vulvitis resulting in erythema, oozing, & crusting lesions

Eczema

3

The following microorganisms can cause infection, leading to vulvitis....

HPV (condylomata acuminata), HSV (vesicles), Treponema pallidum, N. gonorrhoeae, C. albicans

4

____ is an infection which obstructs ducts leading to vulvitis

Bartholin's cyst

5

____ is an epidermal thinning of the vulva

Lichen sclerosus

6

Lichen sclerosus has what characteristic feature and is MC in what population?

white lesion
MC in elderly

7

_____ causes epithelial hyperplasia of the vulva

Lichen simplex chronicus

8

Lichen simplex chronicus is caused by...

chronic irritation (leukocytes)

9

____ is seen in secondary syphilis, is flat, moist and painless

Conylomata lata

10

____ is genital warts (HPV-6 & -11)

Condylomata acuminata

11

Vulvar intraepithelial neoplasia derives from what strains of HPV?

HPV-16 & -18

12

Non-HPV-related SCC is associated with...

lichen sclerosis

13

Features of vaginitis...

common, MC benign & transient
discharge (leukorrhea)

14

Vaginal squamous cell carcinoma occurs in what age group?
Risk factors?

MC >60 years
HPV and Vulvar intraepithelial neoplasia (VIN) as risk factors

15

Vaginal clear cell adenocarcinoma is a risk for mothers who took...

diethylstilbestrol (DES)

16

Vaginal sarcoma botryoides is a type of...
MC in what age group

embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma
<5 years

17

Features of cervicitis...

common, benign, leukorrhea (discharge)

18

Cervical HPV infections that persist are called...

cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN)

19

What HPV strains create a high risk for cervical neoplasia?

HPV-16 & -18 in the transformation zone

20

Cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) develops due to....

cervicial dysplasia

21

Cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) is MC at age...

30 years

22

2 types of Cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN)

1. Low-grade CIN (60% regress, 10% progress to high-grade)

2. High-grade CIN (30% regress, 10% -> CA)

23

Cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) is symptomatic/asymptomatic

asymptomatic

24

How is Cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) diagnosed?

Biopsy (colposcopy)

25

Invasive carcinoma of the cervix is MC diagnosed when?

mid-40s

26

Invasive carcinoma of the cervix is MC what?

Squamous cell carcinoma

27

Invasive carcinoma of the cervix occurs where?

Transformation zone

28

Invasive carcinoma of the cervix becomes more dangerous after crossing what threshold?

greater than or equal to 3mm

29

Invasive carcinoma of the cervix is asymptomatic early and ____ is the MC cause of death

local invasion

30

Inflammation of the uterin endometrium

Endometritis