Religion plays an important part in Near _____ art
_______ art was created for eternity and conveyed the idea of _______ and rebirth.
Egyptian & Permanence
Most important figures are larger in a work of art.
A traditional way of representing forms
A device used in systems of spatial definition. It can be used in relief sculpture or painting to show differing ground lines. (Horizontal Bend)
S A N B A N
Sumer Akkadian Neo-Summerian Babylonian Assyrian Neo-Babylonian
City-States in _______
Written language was an important development in _______. When was it developed?
- 3500-3000 BCE
Early Writing was Called?
Stylus was pressed into clay to to produce wedge-like impressions. They wrote:
1. pictographs 2. phonographs
Art focused on _____ and ____-
Royal Figures and Divinites
Sumerians communicated superiority in their art using_________
______ would go on top of a ziggurat
What were Votives?
Figures that common people would put in the temple for the figure to pray for them.
Akkadians had what type of government?
Centralized; under a king
Naram-Sin was _______
Sargon I's grandson
Spotted Horses Human Hands- Pech-Merle Cave, France
-Charcoal was used to apint
-the spotted horses existed and are now extinct.
Hall of Bulls, Lascaux Cave
-Painted on Limestone
-Animals overlapping because it was made oeer a long period of time
Bird-Headed Man with Bison
-Painted on Limeston
-Ritual with shaman where he went into trans and passed out.
-Painted on Limestone
Bison Le Tuc d'Auboubert, France
-Insize the hair on the face of the bison
-Paleolithic (animals paleotlithic are probably bison)
Lion-Human from Germany
-Small to Carry Around
Woman from Wilendorf, Austria
Woman and man from Cernavoda, Romania
White temple and its ziggurte, Uruk (Modern, Warka Iraq)
statue of votive figures from the Square temple of Eshnunna
-Gypsam inlaid with shell and black limestone.
-Figures would pray for ther person.
-The Temple was reserved for the priests and higher ups
-Almond Shaped Eyes and Cylinder Shaped Body
Standard of Ur
-Arranged in Registers
-Showed the Difference Between War & Peace
Sele of Naram-Sin, Sipper
-Figures are on a Diagonal (NOT in Registers)
-He's wearing a horn helmet= Divinity
Votive Statue of Gudea, Diorite
Stele of Hammurabi, from Susa
-Shamas & Hammurabi on top
-God Shamash is the larger figure handing the laws to hamurabi.
-The God is wearing horns which Sybolizes Divinity.
Audience Hall of Darius and Xerses
-Very High (Showed Power)
-Colums are set up in Grids
-Made for you to feel small
What is Primitivism?
Attraction of Early Modern European Artists with what was considered primitive art.
Sumerians communicated superiority in their art by using the _________.
Hammurabi wanted to control the _______
Decoration that one uses to put objects on the surface of different materials.
Lost Wax Casting
Casting Metal by covering a wax mold with clay. A solid metal is then left over and after it gets polished.
Type of animal that pairs with a human-like structure. Was used to show superiority when entering a palace complex.
-Made out of Mud-Brick
-Temple on Top
-There were Rituals inside of the Temple.