Chapter 2- Mediterranean & Egypt (MIDTERM) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 2- Mediterranean & Egypt (MIDTERM) Deck (39)
1

Religion plays an important part in Near _____ art

East

2

_______ art was created for eternity and conveyed the idea of _______ and rebirth.

Egyptian & Permanence

3

Hierarchical Scale

Most important figures are larger in a work of art.

4

Convention

A traditional way of representing forms

5

Registers

A device used in systems of spatial definition. It can be used in relief sculpture or painting to show differing ground lines. (Horizontal Bend)

6

S A N B A N

Sumer Akkadian Neo-Summerian Babylonian Assyrian Neo-Babylonian

7

City-States in _______

Sumer, Mesopotamia

8

Written language was an important development in _______. When was it developed?

-Sumer

- 3500-3000 BCE

9

Early Writing was Called?

Cuneiform

10

Stylus was pressed into clay to to produce wedge-like impressions. They wrote:

1. pictographs 2. phonographs

11

Art focused on _____ and ____-

Royal Figures and Divinites

12

Sumerians communicated superiority in their art using_________

hierarchical style

13

______ would go on top of a ziggurat

Temple

14

What were Votives?

Figures that common people would put in the temple for the figure to pray for them.

15

Akkadians had what type of government?

Centralized; under a king

16

Naram-Sin was _______

Sargon I's grandson

17

Spotted Horses Human Hands- Pech-Merle Cave, France

-Paleolithic

-Charcoal was used to apint

-the spotted horses existed and are now extinct.

18

Hall of Bulls, Lascaux Cave

-Paleolithic

-Painted on Limestone

-Animals overlapping because it was made oeer a long period of time

-Composite Pose

19

Bird-Headed Man with Bison

-9ft

-Painted on Limeston

-Ritual with shaman where he went into trans and passed out.

20

Bison-Altamira, Spain

-Painted on Limestone

-Relief Sculpture

21

Bison Le Tuc d'Auboubert, France

-Unbaked Clay

-High Relief

-Insize the hair on the face of the bison

-Paleolithic (animals paleotlithic are probably bison)

22

Lion-Human from Germany

 

-Mammoth Ivory

-Small to Carry Around

-Paleolithic

23

Woman from Wilendorf, Austria

-Limestone

-Paleolithic

24

Stonehedge, Wiltshire

-Neolithic

 

25

Woman and man from Cernavoda, Romania

-Neolithic

26

White temple and its ziggurte, Uruk (Modern, Warka Iraq)

-Summerian

-Mud-Brick

27

statue of votive figures from the Square temple of Eshnunna

-Gypsam inlaid with shell and black limestone.

-Sumerian

-Figures would pray for ther person.

-The Temple was reserved for the priests and higher ups

-Abstract

-Almond Shaped Eyes and Cylinder Shaped Body

28

Standard of Ur

-Summerian

-Arranged in Registers

-Narrative Art

-Hierarchical Scale

-Showed the Difference Between War & Peace

 

29

Sele of Naram-Sin, Sipper

-Figures are on a Diagonal (NOT in Registers)

-Smiting Pose

-He's wearing a horn helmet= Divinity

-

30

Votive Statue of Gudea, Diorite

-Lagash

31

Stele of Hammurabi, from Susa

-Babylonian

-Shamas & Hammurabi on top

-God Shamash is the larger figure handing the laws to hamurabi.

-The God is wearing horns which Sybolizes Divinity.

 

 

32

Audience Hall of Darius and Xerses

-Persian

-Very High (Showed Power)

-Colums are set up in Grids

-Made for you to feel small

33

What is Primitivism?

Attraction of Early Modern European Artists with what was considered primitive art.

-Simple Art

34

Sumerians communicated superiority in their art by using the _________.

Hierarchical scale

35

Hammurabi wanted to control the _______

Euphrates River

36

Inlay

Decoration that one uses to put objects on the surface of different materials.

37

Lost Wax Casting

Casting Metal by covering a wax mold with clay. A solid metal is then left over and after it gets polished.

38

Lamassus

Type of animal that pairs with a human-like structure. Was used to show superiority when entering a palace complex.

39

Nanna Ziggurat

-Summerians

-Made out of Mud-Brick

-Temple on Top

-There were Rituals inside of the Temple.