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Flashcards in Chapter 2: Sociological Theory Deck (115)
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1

something everyone does all the time

theory

2

using knowledge to act in the world then using practical experience to upgrade knowledge

praxis

3

endless feedback loop between acting and theorizing

praxis

4

sociologists pose which type of questions

research questions

5

research questions are questions that can be answered through collecting and interpreting

empirical evidence

6

how does sociological theory and social theory differ

sociological theory is developed by and for the activity of sociological research

7

sociologists turn to _____ to help formulate questions

theory

8

activity of using concepts to organize the complexity of our experience into simple patterns

theory

9

we do this to understand our lives, to communicate, and make decisions on how to act

theory

10

any idea that represents some group of phenomena

concept

11

when we are born we have no ______ and don't perceive _______

- concepts
- discrete phenomena or objects

12

first concept most of us learn is the

distinction between ourselves and the rest of the world

13

an important task that concepts perform is that they establish

boundaries

14

which things are x and which things are not x

boundaries

15

questions or statements about how concepts should be defined

conceptual questions

16

"are there more than just 2 sexes" is an example of what type of question

conceptual question

17

any thing, process, relationship, or quality that we can experience

phenomenon

18

a phenomenon we act towards in some way

object

19

the object of sociological inquiry is

social relations

20

any interaction or relationship between 2 or more individuals

social relations

21

many sociologists assume that __________ have some emergency properties

social phenomena

22

qualities or behaviours in an object that are not found in its constituent parts

emergency properties

23

sociological theorists propose at least some emergence of _______ that motivates social action

subjective meanings

24

the meaning a person attaches in their own mind, to an action or experience of theirs

subjective meaning

25

humans act on the basis of _______ that our actions and the actions of others have for us

meaning

26

the view that all social phenomena should be explained in terms of individual social actions and the subjective meanings that motivate those actions

methodological individualism

27

the view that the actions of all members of society combine to form a system

holism

28

the study of being

ontology

29

different types of emergent properties in a theory determine

ontology

30

ontologies is one half ______ and the other _________

metatheory
epistemology