Chapter 7: Social Inequalities Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 7: Social Inequalities Deck (100)
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1

is familiar but not ineviatble

social inequality

2

2 types of actions that can be taken to reduce the gap between rich and poor

1. gov action
2. civic action

3

this country has taken government action and created progressive taxation policies

Denmark

4

what is an example of a civic action taken

Take a knee protest

5

any difference among individuals that have consequential effects for their rights and opportunities, and privileges and rewards

social inequality

6

the attributes, roles, identities, statuses that are used to differentiate and divide ppl

social differentiation

7

an institutionalized system of inequality that allocated individuals and groups according to various hierarchies

social stratification

8

examples of social stratification hierarchies (3)

status
power
prestige

9

contains "layers" of individuals who differ in opportunities, freedoms, beliefs, and backgrounds

stratified social system

10

systems of stratification can be

open or closed

11

there are opportunities for upward or downward mobility in this system

open system

12

even in an open system, NOT all positions reflect

merit or achievement

13

based primarily on earned accomplishments

achieved status

14

open system =

achieved status

15

closed system =

ascribed status

16

leading to little or no opportunities for mobility or to advance your position

closed system

17

kind of status one is born into

closed system

18

usually assigned at birth and is connected to characteristics like ethnic, racial background, gender, etc.

ascribed status

19

an extreme system of inequality where ppl inherit their position and experience little mobility

caste system

20

the caste boundaries are reinforced by

endogamy (marriage within a similar group)

21

refers to one's economic position, measured by occupation and education

social class

22

most upper-class ppl in Canada have ______ their wealth

inherited

23

this group is demographically homogenous white Anglo-Saxon protestant men

upper-class

24

what are the 4 social classes

upper-class
middle-class
working-class
underclass

25

this class is more ethically diverse

middle-class

26

defined as families who earn between $35,000-$100,000 annually

middle-class

27

2 subgroupings of middle-class

- upper-middle class
- lower-middle class

28

made up of salaried professional, technical, and managerial workers with marketable credentials

upper-middle-class

29

made up of middle or lower management or highly skilled blue-collar workers

lower-middle class

30

workers in admin, sales jobs, and blue-collar jobs are

medium skilled