Chapter 11: Crime, Deviance, the Law and Institutional Racism Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 11: Crime, Deviance, the Law and Institutional Racism Deck (61)
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1

Canadian notions of crime and law are informed by

Eurocentric principles

2

when indigenous ppl practice their inherent traits to _____ and _____, they can be criminalized under Canadian law

fish and hunt

3

action or behaviours that violate the social norms or an institutional code of conduct

deviance

4

racism that is inherent in the practices of social and political institutions

institutional racism

5

institutional racism is reflected in the __________ of indigenous ppl and a __________ in the criminal justice system

- high incarceration rate
- lack of indigenous employees

6

institutional racism is hard to eliminate bcuz there is ________

no particular perpetrator

7

racism maintains the existing _______ in society

power relations

8

functions to exploit the indigenous world

settler colonization

9

where ppl go to land that is new to them, taking land and settling while violently displacing original inhabitants

settler colonization

10

the difference between racial prejudice and institutional racism is

power

11

prejudice or discrimination based on an individual's race or ethnicity

racial prejudice

12

institutional racism is most fundamentally about

power relations

13

is required turn prejudice into institutional racism

a power base

14

Indigenous ppl and minorities have ability to be prejudiced but they lack a ______ to turn it into institutional racism

power base

15

sociologists view _______ as the result of dominant group of views on others

prejudiced attitudes

16

socially excludes indigenous communities from participating as equals in a western society

institutional racism

17

the concepts of crime, deviance, and the law that have been used to dominate the colonized are now accepted by many as

colonial tools

18

strategies, techniques and or discourses used by the colonizers to marginalize indigenous communities

colonial tools

19

something to is regarded and punished as a crime within a justice system operated by the state

state-sanctioned crime

20

banned potlach ceremonies, the rain dance and Sundance ceremonies

the Indian Act

21

colonists saw sharing of wealth and food at potlaches as

wasteful

22

making indigenous celebrations criminal helped in

assimilation efforts

23

Indigenous ppl are most likely to be ________ for the same crimes and less likely to be ________

incarcerated
granted parole

24

can be traced to residential schools effects, poverty, addictions, racialized policing and systemic discrimination

overincarceration

25

required first nations ppl to obtain a permit to sell goods

permit system

26

required first nations ppl to obtain a pass from the Indian Agent in order to leave reserves

pass system

27

contributed to widespread mistrust between police and indigenous

pass and permit systems

28

some say that the over representation in the criminal justice system is directly linked to the

residential schools

29

altered the way indigenous ppl saw themselves and the world

residential schools

30

a model that holds an individual accountable for their criminal and deviant actions, considers them harmful to society, and enforces criminal sanctions to remove them from society

western justice