Chapter 3: Putting ideas into Practice: Methods, Methodologies, and Ethics Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 3: Putting ideas into Practice: Methods, Methodologies, and Ethics Deck (73)
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1

sociologists research toolkit can include _________ for doing research or __________

hard/tangible skills
soft/intangible skills

2

is diverse in its methods of collecting, organizing, and making sense of info

sociology

3

systematic techniques for collecting and making sense of info about the social world

methods

4

are broader lenses and research strategies that provide rationale for how data collection and analysis should be done

methodologies

5

involves theoretical justification for which methods might be appropriate for a given research

methodologies

6

clear and focused questions that a research project intends to answer

research questions

7

research questions can only be answered by collecting and interpreting

empirical evidence

8

tensions or oppositions between 2 differing views or approaches

dialects

9

sociology has ______, that represent diverging ways of doing research

dialects

10

sole aim is to generate new knowledge and often plays role in creating and testing theory

pure research

11

is not done with a practical application in mind, but results can be applied later

pure research

12

intended to address social issues or problems

applied research

13

if similarity between the description of ______ and the discussion of ________, you are on to something

applied research
policy sociology

14

moving from observation to theory

inductive research

15

takes an inductive approach by building theories thru the collection and analysis of data

ground theory

16

moving from theory to observation

deductive research

17

when in-depth info is collected from each unit in the sample, ____ can happen from a small number of units

saturation

18

the point where increasing sample size doesn't yield any new info (in qualitative research)

saturation

19

intuition, memory, faith, reason, common sense, and our culture/social norms are examples of

ways of knowing

20

starts with a hypothesis, then experiement

scientific method

21

must be falsifiable

hypothesis

22

sociological methods allow us to find ______ that contribute to patterns, but rarely enable us to find ______

influences
causes

23

if little is known about a topic, the research is

exploratory

24

often inductive, pure research

exploratory research

25

involves looking with am open mind at data to see what's there and if any patterns can be found

exploratory research

26

when research is aimed to offer detail about an aspect of social life, but NOT a cause

descriptive research

27

focuses on offering detailed and precise depictions of data

descriptive research

28

research that looks at causes

explanatory research

29

we make research precise by specifying ______ and then _______ them

variables
operationalizing

30

process of defining a variable so that it is measurable

operationalization