Chapter 2 - Suffixes Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 2 - Suffixes Deck (72):
1

Compound words

Words that contain more than one word root.
(ex. the combining form is gastr/o, meaning the stomach + the word root is enter which means intestine + the suffix itis meaning inflammation.= gastroenteritis and this means inflammation of the stomach and intestine.)
(ex. the combining form encephal/o meaning the brain + the word root mening, the meninges + the suffix itis meaning inflammation = encephalomeningitis = inflammation of the brain and meninges)

2

Suffix types

Surgical (SS), diagnostic (DS), pathological (PS), related (RS), and grammatical (GS).

3

centesis (SS)

surgical puncture

4

clasis (SS)

to break, surgical fracture

5

desis (SS)

binding, fixation (of a bone or joint)

6

ectomy (SS)

excision, removal

7

lysis (SS)

separation; destruction; loosening

8

plexy

fixation (of an organ)

9

plasty (SS)

surgical repair

10

rrhaphy (SS)

suture

11

stomy (SS)

forming an opening (mouth)

12

tome (SS)

instrument to cut

13

tomy (SS)

incision

14

tripsy (SS)

crushing

15

gram (DS)

record, writing

16

graph (DS)

instrument for recording

17

graphy (DS)

process of reording

18

meter (DS)

instrument for measuring

19

metry (DS)

act of measuring

20

scope (DS)

instrument for examining

21

scopy (DS)

visual examination

22

algia (PS&RS)

pain

23

dynia (PS&RS)

pain

24

cele (PS&RS)

hernia, swelling

25

ectasis (PS&RS)

dilation, expansion

26

edema (PS&RS)

swelling

27

emesis (PS&RS)

vomiting

28

emia

blood condition

29

gen (PS&RS)

forming producing, origin

30

genesis (PS&RS)

forming, producing, origin

31

iasis (PS&RS)

abnormal condition (produced by something specific)

32

itis (PS&RS)

inflammation

33

lith (PS&RS)

stone,.calculus

34

malacia (PS&RS)

softening

35

megaly (PS&RS)

enlargment

36

oma (PS&RS)

tumor

37

osis (PS&RS)

abnormal condition; increase (used primarily with blood cells)

38

pathy (PS&RS)

disease

39

penia (PS&RS)

decrease; deficiency

40

phagia (PS&RS)

eating, swallowing

41

phasia (PS&RS)

speech

42

phobia (PS&RS)

fear

43

plasia (PS&RS)

formation, growth

44

plasm (PS&RS)

formation; structure

45

plegica (PS&RS)

paralysis

46

ptosis (PS&RS)

prolapse; downward displacement

47

rrhage (PS&RS)

bursting forth (of)

48

rrhagia (PS&RS)

bursting forth (of)

49

sclerosis (PS&RS)

abnormal condition of hardening

50

toxic (PS&RS)

poison

51

trophy (PS&RS)

nourishment, development

52

ac (GS - adj.)

pertaining to the heart; cardi:heart

53

al (GS - adj,)

pertaining to a nerve; neur:nerve

54

ar (GS - adj.)

pertaining to the muscle; muscul:muscle

55

ary (GS - adj.)

pertaining to the lungs; pulmon:lung

56

eal (GS - adj.)

pertaining to the esophagus; esphag;esophagus

57

ic (GS - adj.)

pertaining to the chest; thorac:chest

58

ical (GS - adj.)

pertaining ti the study of disease; log:study of

59

ile (GS - adj.)

pertaining to the penis; pen:penis

60

ior (GS - adj.)

pertaining to the back of the body; poser:back (of body), behind, posterior

61

ous (GS - adj.)

pertaining to the skin; cutane:skin

62

tic (GS - adj.)

pertaining to hearing; acous:hearing

63

esis (GS - noun)

condition;
(ex. di/ur/esis, di is doublel, ur is urine and esis is condirion = abnormal secretion of large amounts of urine

64

ia (GS - noun)

condition;
(ex. pneumon/ia, pneumon: air;lung, meaning infection of the lung usually caused by bacteria, viruses, or diseases).

65

ism (GS - noun)

condition;
(ex. hyper/thyroid/ism, hyper:excessive, above normal, thyroid: thyroid gland =condition characterized by overactivity of the thyroid gland)

66

iatry (GS - noun)

medicine; treatment

67

ician (GS - noun)

specialist

68

ist GS - noun)

specialist

69

y (GS - noun)

condition; process
(ex, neur/o/path/y, neur/o means nerve and path means diseases = condition of the nerves (related to) a disease

70

icle (GS - diminutive)

small; minute

71

ole (GS - diminutive)

small; minute

72

ule (GS - diminutive)

small; minute