Chapter 11 - Urinary System Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Chapter 11 - Urinary System > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 11 - Urinary System Deck (76):
1

cyst/o

bladder

2

vesic/o

bladder

3

glomerul/o

glomerulus

4

lith/o

stone, calculus

5

meat/o

opening, meatus

6

nephr/o

kidney

7

ren/o

kidney

8

pyel/o

renal pelvis

9

ur/o

urine, urinary tract

10

ureter/o

ureter

11

urethr/o

urethra

12

andr/o

male

13

albumin/o

albumin, protein

14

azot/o

nitrogenous compounds

15

bacteri/o

bacteria (singular bacterium)

16

kal/i

potassium (an electrolyte)

17

keton/o

ketone bodies (acids and acetones)

18

noct/o

night

19

olig/o

scanty

20

balan/o

glans penis

21

epididym/o

epididymis

22

orch/o

testis (plural, testes)

23

orchi/o

testis (plural, testes)

24

orchid/o

testis (plural, testes)

25

test/o

testis (plural, testes)

26

perine/o

perineum (area between scrotum [or vulva in the female] and anus)

27

prostat/o

prostate gland

28

spermat/o

spermatozoa, sperm cells

29

sperm/o

spermatozoa, sperm cells

30

varic/o

dilated vein

31

vas/o

vessel; vas deferens; duct

32

vesicul/o

seminal vesicle

33

-cide

killing

34

-genesis

forming, producing, origin

35

-iasis

abnormal condition (produced by something specified)

36

-ism

condition

37

-spadias

slit, fissure

38

-uria

urine

39

dia-

through, across

40

retro-

backward, behind

41

ATN

acute tubular necrosis

42

AGN

acute glomerulonephritis

43

ARF

acute renal failure

44

BNO

bladder neck obstruction

45

BPH

benign prostatic hyperplasia; benign prostatic hypertrophy

46

BUN

blood urea nitrogen

47

C&S

culture and sensitivity

48

Cath

catheterization; catheter

49

cysto

cytoscopy

50

CT

computed tomography

51

DRE

digital rectal examination

52

EBT

external beam therapy

53

ED

erectile dysfunction; emergency department

54

EMG

electromyogram, electromyography

55

ESRD

end-stage renal disease

56

ESWL

extracorporeal shock-wave lithotripsy

57

EU

excretory urography

58

IC

interstitial cystitis

59

GU

genitourinary

60

IVP

intravenous pyelogram, intravenous pyelography

61

HD

hemodialysis; hip disarticulation; hearing distance

62

HTN

hypertension

63

KUB

kidney, ureter, bladder

64

Na

sodium (an electrolyte)

65

PCNL

percutaneous nephrolithotomy

66

pH

symbol for degree of acidity or alkalinity

67

PKD

polycystic kidney disease

68

PSA

prostate-specific antigen

69

RP

retrograde pyelogram, retrograde pyelography

70

UA

urinalysis

71

sp. gr.

specific gravity

72

UTI

urinary tract infection

73

TSE

testicular self-examination

74

TURP

transurethral resection of the

75

VCUG

voiding cystourethrography prostate

76

VUR

vesicoureteral reflux