Chapter 4 - Body Structure Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 4 - Body Structure Deck (65):
1

kary/o (cellular structure)

nucleus

2

nucle/o (cellular structure)

nucleus

3

anter/o (position and direction)

anetrior, front

4

caud/o (position and direction)

tail

5

cephal/o (position and direction)

head

6

disto/ (position and direction)

far, farthest

7

dors/o (position and direction)

back (of body)

8

infer/o (position and direction)

lower, below

9

later/o (position and direction)

side, to one side

10

media/o (position and direction)

middle

11

poster/o (position and direction)

back (of body), behind posterior

12

proxim/o (position and direction)

near, nearest

13

ventr/o (position and direction)

belly, belly side

14

abdomin/o (regions of the body)

abdomen

15

cervic/o (regions of the body)

neck; cervix uteri (neck of uterus)

16

crani/o (regions of the body)

cranium (skull)

17

illi/o (regions of the body)

illium (lateral, flaring position of hip bone)

18

inguin/o (regions of the body)

groin

19

lumb/o (regions of the body)

loins (lowe back)

20

thorac/o (regions of the body)

chest

21

umbillic/o (regions of the body)

umbilicus, navel

22

albin/o (color)

white

23

leuk/o (color)

white

24

chlo/p (color)

green

25

chrom/o (color)

green

26

cirrh/o (color)

yellow

27

jaundi/o (color)

yellow

28

xanth/o (color)

yellow

29

cyan/o (color)

blue

30

erythr/o (color)

red

31

melan/o (color)

black

32

polo/o (color)

gray; gray matter (of brain or spinal cord)

33

acr/o (other)

extremity

34

eti/o (other)

cause

35

idi/o (other)

unknown, peculiar

36

morph/o (other)

form, shape, structure

37

patho/o (other)

disease

38

radio/o (other)

radiation, x-ray; radius (lower arm bone on thumb side)

39

somat/o (other)

body

40

son/o (other)

sound

41

tom/o (other)

cut

42

viscer/o (other)

internal organs

43

xer/o (other)

dry

44

(Sx)

symptom

45

hist/o (cell structure)

tissue
ex. hist/o/logy: study of tissues

46

cyt/o (cell structure)

cell
cty/o/logist: specialist in the study of cells

47

AP

anteroposterior

48

MRI

magnetic resonance imaging

49

Bx, bx

biopsy

50

PET

positron emission tomography

51

CBC

complete blood count

52

RF

rheumatoid factor; radio frequency

53

CT

computed tomography

54

RLQ

right lower quadrant

55

DNA

deocyribonucleic acid

56

RUQ

right upper quadrant

57

Dx

diagnosis

58

SPECT

single photon emission computed tomography

59

I&D

incision and drainage

60

LAT, lat

lateral

61

Tx

treatment

62

LLQ

lower left quadrant

63

U&L, U/L

upper and lower

64

LUQ

left upper quadrant

65

US

ultrasound, ultrasonography