Chapter 7 - Respitatory System Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Chapter 7 - Respitatory System > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 7 - Respitatory System Deck (73):
1

nas/o (upper respiratory tract)

nose
ex. nas/al: pertaining to the nose

2

rhin/o (upper respiratory tract)

nose
ex. rhino/o/plasty: surgical repair of the nose

3

sept/o (upper respiratory tract)

septum
ex. sept/o/plasty: surgical repair of the septum

4

sinus/o (upper respiratory tract)

sinus, cavity
ex. sinus/o/tomy: incision of any of the sinuses

5

adenoid/o (upper respiratory tract)

adenoids
ex. adenoid/ectomy: excision of adenoids

6

tonsill/o (upper respiratory tract)

tonsils
ex. peri/tonsill/ar: pertaining to the area around the tonsils

7

pharyng/o (upper respiratory tract)

pharynx (throat)
ex. pharyng/o/scope: instrument for examining the pharynx

8

epiglott/o (upper respiratory tract)

epiglottis
ex. epiglott/itis: inflammation of the epiglottis

9

laryng/o (upper respiratory tract)

larynx (voice box)
ex. laryng/o/plegia: paralysis of the (vocal cords and) larynx

10

trache/o (upper respiratory tract)

trachea (wind-pipe)
ex. trache/o/plasty: surgical repair of the trachea

11

bronchi/o (lower respiratory tract)

bronchus (plural, bronchi)
ex. bronchi/ectasis: dilation of the bronchi

12

broncho/o (lower respiratory tract)

bronchus (plural, bronchi)
ex. broncho/o/scope: instrument for examining the bronchus or bronchi

13

bronchiol/o (lower respiratory tract)

bronchiole
ex. bronchiol/ittis: inflammation of the bronchioles

14

aveol/o (lower respiratory tract)

alveolus; air sac
ex. aveol/ar: pertaining to the alveoli

15

pleur/o (lower respiratory tract)

pleura
ex. pleur/o/centesis: surgical puncture of the pleural cavity; also called thoracocentis or thoracentesis

16

pneum/o (lower respiratory tract)

air, lung
ex. pneum/ectomy: excision of all or part of) a lung

17

pneumon/o (lower respiratory tract)

air, lung
ex. pnemon/ia: condition of the lungs

18

pulmon/o (lower respiratory tract)

lung
ex. pulmon/o/logist: specialist in the study (and treatment) of lungs (and respiratory disease)

19

anthrac/o (other)

coal, coal dust
ex. anthrac/osis: abnormal condition of coal dust (in the lungs); also called black lung diease

20

atel/o (other)

incomplete; imperfect
ex. atel/ectasis: incomplete expansion of the lung; also called airless lung or collapsed lung

21

coni/o (other)

dust
ex. peum/o/coni/osis: condition of dust in the lungs

22

cyan/o (other)

blue
ex. cyan/osis: abnormal condition of blueness

23

lob/o (other)

lobe
ex. lob/ectomy: excision of the lobe

24

orth/o (other)

straight
ex. orth/o/pnea: breathing in a straight or upright position

25

ox/i (other)

oxygen (02)
ex. ox/i/meter: instrument used for measuring 02

26

ox/o (other)

oxygen (02)
ex. hyp/ox/edmia: deficiency of 02 in the blood

27

pector/o

chest
ex. pector/algia: pain in the chest; also called thoracalgia or thoracodynia

28

steth/o (other)

chest
ex.steth/o/scope: instrument used for examining the chest

29

thoac/o (other)

chest
ex. thorca/o/pathy: disease of the chest

30

phren/o (other)

diaphragm; mind
ex. [hren/o/spasm: involuntary contraction of the diaphragm

31

spir/o (other)

breathe
ex. spir/o/meter: instrument for measuring breathing

32

capnia (S)

carbon dioxide (C02)
ex. hyper/capnia: excessive C02

33

osmia (S)

smell
ex. an/osmia: without *the sense of) smell

34

phonia (S)

voice
ex. dys/phonia: bad (impaired) voice (quality)

35

pnea(S)

voice
ex. a/pnea: (not breathing)

36

ptysis (S)

spitting
ex. hem/o/pytsis: (coughing up or) spitting of blood

37

thorax (S)

chest
ex. py/o/thorqax: pus in the chest (cavity); also called empyema

38

brady (P)

slow
ex. brady/pnea: slow breathing

39

dys (P)

bad; painful; difficult
ex. dys/pnea difficult breathing

40

eu (P)

good, normal
ex. eu/pnea: normal breathing

41

trachy (P)

rapid
ex. trachy/pnea: rapid breathing

42

ABG

arterial blood gas(es)

43

MRI

magnetic resonance imaging

44

AFB

acid-fast bacillus (TB organism)

45

NMT

nebulized mist treatment

46

ARDS

acute repsiratory distress syndrome

47

02

oxygen

48

CA

cancer

49

PA

posteroanterior; permicious anemia

50

C02

carbon dioxide

51

PC02

partial pressure of carbon dioxide

52

COPD

chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

53

PCP

pneumocystis carinii pneumonia; primary care physician

54

CPAP

continuous positive airway pressure

55

PFT

pulmonary function test

56

CPR

cardiopulmonary resuscitation

57

pH

degree of acidity or alkalinity

58

CTPA

computed tomography pulmonary angiography

59

P02

partial pressure of oxygen

60

CXR

chest x-ray, chest radiography

61

RD

respiratory distress

62

DPI

dry power inhaler

63

RDS

respiratory distress syndrome

64

DPT

diphtheria, pertussis, tetanus

65

SIDS

sudden infant death syndrome

66

Hb, Hgh

hemoglobin

67

SOB

shortness of breath

68

HMD

hyaline membrane disease

69

T&A

tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy

70

IRDS

infant respiratory distress syndrome

71

TB

tuberculosis

72

MDI

metered-dose inhaler

73

URI

upper respiratory infection