Chapter 7 - Respitatory System Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 7 - Respitatory System Deck (73)
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1

nas/o (upper respiratory tract)

nose
ex. nas/al: pertaining to the nose

2

rhin/o (upper respiratory tract)

nose
ex. rhino/o/plasty: surgical repair of the nose

3

sept/o (upper respiratory tract)

septum
ex. sept/o/plasty: surgical repair of the septum

4

sinus/o (upper respiratory tract)

sinus, cavity
ex. sinus/o/tomy: incision of any of the sinuses

5

adenoid/o (upper respiratory tract)

adenoids
ex. adenoid/ectomy: excision of adenoids

6

tonsill/o (upper respiratory tract)

tonsils
ex. peri/tonsill/ar: pertaining to the area around the tonsils

7

pharyng/o (upper respiratory tract)

pharynx (throat)
ex. pharyng/o/scope: instrument for examining the pharynx

8

epiglott/o (upper respiratory tract)

epiglottis
ex. epiglott/itis: inflammation of the epiglottis

9

laryng/o (upper respiratory tract)

larynx (voice box)
ex. laryng/o/plegia: paralysis of the (vocal cords and) larynx

10

trache/o (upper respiratory tract)

trachea (wind-pipe)
ex. trache/o/plasty: surgical repair of the trachea

11

bronchi/o (lower respiratory tract)

bronchus (plural, bronchi)
ex. bronchi/ectasis: dilation of the bronchi

12

broncho/o (lower respiratory tract)

bronchus (plural, bronchi)
ex. broncho/o/scope: instrument for examining the bronchus or bronchi

13

bronchiol/o (lower respiratory tract)

bronchiole
ex. bronchiol/ittis: inflammation of the bronchioles

14

aveol/o (lower respiratory tract)

alveolus; air sac
ex. aveol/ar: pertaining to the alveoli

15

pleur/o (lower respiratory tract)

pleura
ex. pleur/o/centesis: surgical puncture of the pleural cavity; also called thoracocentis or thoracentesis

16

pneum/o (lower respiratory tract)

air, lung
ex. pneum/ectomy: excision of all or part of) a lung

17

pneumon/o (lower respiratory tract)

air, lung
ex. pnemon/ia: condition of the lungs

18

pulmon/o (lower respiratory tract)

lung
ex. pulmon/o/logist: specialist in the study (and treatment) of lungs (and respiratory disease)

19

anthrac/o (other)

coal, coal dust
ex. anthrac/osis: abnormal condition of coal dust (in the lungs); also called black lung diease

20

atel/o (other)

incomplete; imperfect
ex. atel/ectasis: incomplete expansion of the lung; also called airless lung or collapsed lung

21

coni/o (other)

dust
ex. peum/o/coni/osis: condition of dust in the lungs

22

cyan/o (other)

blue
ex. cyan/osis: abnormal condition of blueness

23

lob/o (other)

lobe
ex. lob/ectomy: excision of the lobe

24

orth/o (other)

straight
ex. orth/o/pnea: breathing in a straight or upright position

25

ox/i (other)

oxygen (02)
ex. ox/i/meter: instrument used for measuring 02

26

ox/o (other)

oxygen (02)
ex. hyp/ox/edmia: deficiency of 02 in the blood

27

pector/o

chest
ex. pector/algia: pain in the chest; also called thoracalgia or thoracodynia

28

steth/o (other)

chest
ex.steth/o/scope: instrument used for examining the chest

29

thoac/o (other)

chest
ex. thorca/o/pathy: disease of the chest

30

phren/o (other)

diaphragm; mind
ex. [hren/o/spasm: involuntary contraction of the diaphragm