Chapter 8 - Cardiovasuar System Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 8 - Cardiovasuar System Deck (85):
1

aneurysm/o (CF)

widened blood vessel
ex. aneursm/o/rrahpy=sutureof an anerys

2

angi/o (CF)

vessel (usually blood or lymph)
ex. angi/o/plasty=surgical repair of a vessel

3

vascul/o (CF)

vessel (usually blood or lymph)
ex. vascul/itis: inflammation of (blood) vessels

4

aort/o (CF)

aorta
ex. aorta/o/stenosis=narrowing of the aorta

5

ateri/o (CF)

artery
ex. arteri/o/rrhrxis=rupture of an artery

6

arteriol/o (CF)

arteriole
ex. arteriol/itis=inflammation of an arteriole

7

atri/o (CF)

atrium
ex. atri/o/megaly=enlargement of the atrium

8

arther/o (CF)

fatty plaque
ex. ather/oma=tumor of fatty plaque

9

cardi/o (CF)

heart
ex. cardi/o/megaly= enlargement of the heart

10

coron/o (CF)

heart
ex. coron/ary=pertaining to the heart (vessels)

11

electr/o (CF)

electricity
ex. electr/o/cardi/o/gram=record of the electrical (impulses) of the heart

12

embol/o (CF)

embolus (plug)
ex. embol/ectomy=removal of the emobolus

13

hemangi/o (CF)

blood vessels
ex. hemangi/oma=tumor of the blood vessels

14

my/o (CF)

muscle
ex. my/o/cardi/al=pertaining to heart muscle

15

phleb/o (CF)

vein
ex. phelb/ectasis=expansion of the vein

16

ven/o (CF)

vein
ven/o/stasis=standing still of (blood in) a vein; also called phlebostasis

17

scler/o (CF)

hardening; sclera (white of eye)
ex. arteri/o/scler/osis=abnormal condition of hardening of the artery

18

sept/o (CF)

septum
ex. sept/o/stomy=forming an opening in a septum

19

sphygm/o (CF)

pulse
ex. sphygm/oid=resembling a pulse

20

sten/o (CF)

narrowing structure
ex. sten/o/tic=pertaining to a narrowing or structure

21

thromb/o (CF)

blood cot
ex. thromb/o/lysis=destruction of a blood clot

22

valv/o (CF)

valve
ex. valv/o/tomy=incision of a valve

23

valvul/o (CF)

valvul/o/plasty=surgical repair of a valve

24

vas/o (CF)

vessel; vas deferens; duct
ex.vas/o/graphy=process of recording (an image of) a vessel

25

ventricul/o (CF)

ventricle (of a heart or brain)
ex. ventricul/ar=pertaining to a ventricle (chamber of the heart or brain)

26

cardia (S)

heart condition
ex. tachy/cardia=rapid heart (beat)

27

gram (S)

record, writing
ex. arteri/o/gram=record of an artery

28

graph (S)

instrument for recording
ex. electr/o/cardi/o/graph=instrument for recording electrical (activity) of the heart

29

graphy (S)

process of recording
ex. angi/o/graphy=process of recording (an image of) a vessel

30

stenosis (S)

narrowing, stricture
ex. aort/o/stenosis=narrowing of the aorta

31

bardy (P)

slow
ex. brady/cardia=slow heart (beat)

32

endo (P)

in, within
ex. endo/vascul/ar=pertaining to (the area) within a vessel

33

extra (P)

outside
ex. extra/vascul/ar=pertaining to (the area) outside a vessel

34

peri (P)

around
ex. peri/cardi/al=pertaining to (the area) around the heart

35

trans (P)

across
ex. trans/sept/al=across the septum

36

AAA

abdominal aortic aneurysm

37

ACE

angiotensin-converting enzyme (inhibitor)

38

AFib

atrial fibrillation

39

AS

aortic stenosis

40

ASD

atrial septal defect

41

ASHD

arteriosclerotic heart disease

42

AST

angiotensin sensitivity test

43

AV

atrioventricular; arteriovenous

44

BBB

bundle-branch block

45

BP, B/P

blood pressure

46

CA

cancer; chronological age; cardiac arrest

47

CABG

coronary artery bypass graft

48

CAD

coronary artery disease

49

CC

cardiac catheterization

50

CCU

coronary care unit

51

CHD

coronary heart disease

52

Chol

cholesterol

53

CK

creatine kinase (cardiac enzyme); conductive keratoplasty

54

CPR

cardiopulmonary resuscitation

55

CV

cardiovascular

56

DES

drug-eluting stent

57

DOE

dyspnea on exertion

58

DSA

digital subtraction angiography

59

DVT

deep vein thrombosis, deep venous thrombosis

60

ECG, EKG

electrocardiogram; electrocardiography

61

ECHO

echocardiogram echocardiography; echoencephalogram, echoencephalography

62

EF

ejection fraction

63

ETT

exercise tolerance test

64

HDL

high-density lipoprotein

65

HF

heart failure

66

HTN

hypertension

67

ICD

implantable cardioverter defibrillator

68

IV

intravenous

69

LA

left atrium

70

LD

lactate dehydrogenase; lactic acid dehydrogenase (cardiac enzyme)

71

LDL

low-density lipoprotein

72

LV

left ventricle

73

MI

myocardial infarction

74

MR

mitral regurgitation

75

MRA

magnetic resonance
angiogram; magnetic resonance angiography

76

MRI

magnetic resonance imaging

77

MS

musculoskeletal; multiple sclerosis; mitral stenosis; mental status

78

MUGA

Multiple-gated acquisition (scan)

79

MVP

mitral valve prolapse

80

NSR

normal sinus rhythm

81

PTCA

percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty

82

RA

right atrium

83

RV

residual volume; right ventricle

84

SA, S-A

sinoatrial

85

US

ultrasound