Chapter 2, Suffixes, pages 27-32 Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Chapter 2, Suffixes, pages 27-32 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 2, Suffixes, pages 27-32 Deck (117):
1

-ad

Toward Cephald

[SEF-a-lad], toward the head

2

-algia

Pain

3

-asthenia

Weakness

4

-blast

Immature, forming

5

-cele

Hernia

Cystocele [SIS-to-sel], hernia of the urinary bladder

6

-cidal

Destroying, killing

Suicidal, likely to kill oneself

7

-cide

Destroying killing

Bacteriocide, agent that destroys bacteria

8

-clasis

Breaking

Osteoclasis [OS-te-OK-la-sis], intentional breaking of a bone

9

-clast

Breaking instrument

10

-crine

Secreting

11

-crit

Separate

12

-cyte

Cell

13

-cytosis

Condition of cells

14

-derma

Skin

15

-desis

Binding

16

-dynia

Pain

Neurodynia [nur-o-DIN-e-a], nerve pain

17

-ectasia

Expansion; dilation

Neurectasia [nur-ek-TA-zhe-a], operation with dilation of a nerve

18

-ectasis

Expanding; dilating

Bronchiectasis [brong-ke-EK-ta-sis], condition with chronic dilation of the bronchi

19

-ectomy

Removal of

Appendectomy, removal of the appendix

20

-edema

Swelling

21

-ema

Condition

22

-emesis

Vomiting

Hematemesis [he-ma-TEM-e-sis], vomiting of blood

23

-emia

Blood

24

-emic

Relating to blood

25

-esthesia

Sensation

Paresthesia, abnormal sensation, such as tingling

26

-form

In the shape of

Uniform, having the same shape throughout

27

-gen

Producing, coming to be

28

-genesis

Production of

Pathogenesis, production of disease

29

-genic

Producing

30

-globin

Protein

Hemoglobin [he-mo-CLO-bin], protein it red blood cells

31

-globulin

Protein

32

-gram

A recording

Electrocardigram, brain scan

33

-graph

Recording instrument

Encephalograph, instrument for measuring brain activity

34

-graphy

Process of recording

Echocardiography, graphic record of the electric activity of the heart

35

-iasis

Pathological condition or state

Psoriasis [so-RI-a-sis], chronic skin disease

36

-ic

Pertaining to

Gastric, relating to the stomach

37

-ics

Treatment, practice, body of knowledge

Orthopedics, medical-practice concerned with treatment of skeletal disorders

38

-ism

Condition, disease, doctrine

Dwarfism [DWORF-izm], condition characterized by abnormally small size

39

-itis (pl., -itides)

Inflammation

Nephritis [ne-FRI-tis], kidney inflammation

40

-kinesia

Movement

Bradykinesia [brad-i-kin-E-zhe-a], decrease in movement

41

-kinesis

Movement

Hyperkinesis, excessive muscular movement

42

-lepsy

Condition of

Catalepsy [KAT-a-lep-se], condition characterized by seizures of extreme rigidity

43

-leptic

Having seizures

44

-logist

One who practices

Dermatologist, one who practices dermatology

45

-logy

Study, practice

Dermatology, study and treatment of skin disorders

46

-lysis

Destruction of

47

-lytic

Destroying

48

-malacia

Softening

Oteomalacia [OS-te-o-ma-LA-she-a], gradual softening of bone

49

-mania

Obsession

Monomaina, obsession with one idea

50

-megaly

Enlargement

51

-meter

Measuring device

Ophthalmometer [of-thal-MOM-e-ter], device for measuring cornea curvature

52

-metry

Measurement

53

-oid

Like, resembling

Cardioid [kar-de-oyd], resembling a heart

54

-oma (pl., -omata)

Tumor

Myoma [mi-O-ma], neoplasm of muscle tissue

55

-opia

Vision

Diplopia [di-PLO-pe-a], double vision

56

-opsia

Vision

Chloropsia [klo-ROP-se-a], condition of seeing objects as green

57

-opsy

View of

Biopsy, cutting from living tissue to be viewed

58

-osis (pl., -oses)

Condition, state, process

59

-ostomy

Opening

Colostomy, surgical opening in the colon

60

-oxia

Oxygen

Anoxia [an-OK-se-a], lack of oxygen

61

-para

Bearing

62

-paresis

Slight paralysis

63

-parous

Producing; bearing

Viviparous [vi-VIP-a-rus], bearing living young

64

-pathy

Disease

65

-penia

Deficiency

66

-pepsia

Digestion

67

-pexy

Fixation, usually done surgically

Nephropexy [NEF-ro-pek-se], surgical fixation of a floating kidney

68

-phage, -phagia, -phagy

Eating, devouring

Polyphagia [pol-e-FA-je-a], excessive eating

69

-phasia

Speaking

70

-pheresis

Removal

Leukapheresis [lu-ka-fe-RE-sis], removal of leukocytes from drawn blood

71

-phil

Attraction; affinity for

72

-philia

Attraction; affinity for

73

-phobia

Fear

74

-phonia

Sound

Neuraphonia [nur-a-FO-be-a], loss of sounds

75

-phoresis

Carrying

76

-phoria

Feeling; carrying

Euphoria, feeling of well-being

77

-phrenia

Of the mind

78

-phthisis

Wasting away

79

-phylaxis

Protection

80

-physis

Growing

81

-plakia

Plaque

82

-plasia

Formation

Dysplasia [dis-PLA-zke-a], abnormal tissue formation

83

-plasm

Formation

Protoplasm [PRO-to-plazm], living matter

84

-plastic

Forming

Hemoplastic, froming new blood cells

85

-plasty

Surgical repair

Rhinoplasty, plastic surgery of the nose

86

-plegia

Paralysis

Quadriplegia, paralysis of all four limbs

87

-plegic

One who is paralyzed

Quadriplegic, person who has quadriplegia

88

-pnea

Breath

Eupnea [yup-NE-a], easy, normal respiration

89

-poiesis

Formation

Erythropoiesis [e-RITH-ro-poy-E-sis], formation of red blood cells

90

-poietic

Forming

Erythropoietic [e-RITH-ro-poy-et-ik], of the formation of red blood cells

91

-poietin

One that forms

Erythropoietin [e-RITHro-poy-e-tin], an acid that aids in the formation of red blood cells

92

-porosis

Lessening in density

93

-ptosis

Falling down; drooping

94

-rrhage

Discharging heavily

Hemorrage, to bleed profusely

95

-rrhagia

Heavy discharge

Tracheorrhagia, [tra-ke-o-RA-je-a], hemorrahage from the trachea

96

-rrhaphy

Surgical suturing

97

-rrhea

A flowing, a flux

Dysmenorrhea [dis-men-OR-a-fe], difficult menstrual flow, Diarrhea

98

-rrhexis

Rupture

99

-schisis

Splitting

100

-scope

Instrument (especially one used for observing or measuring)

Microscope, instrument for viewing small objects

101

-scopy

Use of an instrument for observing

Microscopy, use of microscopes

102

-somnia

Sleep

Insomnia, inability to sleep

103

-spasm

Contraction

Esophagospasm [e-SOF-a-go-spazm], spasm of the walls of the esophagus

104

-stalsis

Contraction

Peristalsis [per-i-STAL-sis], movement of the intestines by contraction and relaxation of its tubes

105

-stasis

Stopping; constant

106

-stat

Agent to maintain a state

107

-stenosis

Narrowing

108

-stomy

Opening

109

-tome

Cutting instrument, segment

Osteotome [OS-te-o-tom], instrument for cutting bone

110

-tomy

Cutting operation

Laparotomy [LAP-a-ROT-o-me], incision in the abdomen

111

-trophic

Nutritional

Atrophic, of a wasting state, often due to malnutrition

112

-trophy

Nutrition

Dystrophy, changes that result form inadequate nutrition

113

-tropia

Turning

Esotropia [es-o-TRO-pe-a], crossed eyes

114

-tropic

Tuning toward

Neurotropic [nur-o-TROP-ik], localizing in the nerve tissue

115

-tropy

Condition of turning toward

Neurotropy [ne-ROT-ro-pe], affinity of certain contrast mediums for nervous tissue

116

-uria

Urine

117

-version

Turning

Retroversion [re-tro-VER-zhun], a turning backward (said of the uterus)