Chapter 3, Body Structure Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 3, Body Structure Deck (190):
1

Abdominal Cavity

Body space between the abdominal walls, above the pelvis, and below the diaphragm.

2

Blood system

Body system that includes blood and all its component parts.

3

Cardiovascular system

Body system that includes the heart and blood vessels; circulatory system.

4

Cell

Smallest unit of a living structure.

5

Connective tissue

Fibrous substance that forms the body's supportive framework.

6

Cranial cavity

Space in the head that contains the brain.

7

Diaphragm

Muscle that divides the abdominal and thoracic cavities.

8

Digestive system

Body system that includes all organs of digestion and waste excretion, from the mouth to the anus.

9

Dorsal cavity

Main cavity on the backside of the body containing the cranial and spinal cavities.

10

Endocrine system

Body system that includes glands which secrete hormones to regulate certain body functions.

11

Epithelial tissue

Tissue that covers or lines the body or its parts.

12

Integumentary system

Body system that includes skin, hair, and nails.

13

Lymphatic and immune system

Body system that includes the lymph, glands of the lymphatic system, lymphatic vessels, and the specific and nonspecific defense of the immune system.

14

Muscle tissue

Tissue that is able to contract and relax.

15

Musculoskeletal system

Body system that includes muscles, bones, and cartilage.

16

Nervous system

Body system that includes the brain, spinal cord, and nerves and controls most body functions by sending and receiving messages.

17

Nervous tissue

Specialized tissue that forms nerve cells and is capable of transmitting messages.

18

Organ

Group of specialized tissue that performs a specific function.

19

Pelvic cavity

Body space below the abdominal cavity that includes the reproductive organs.

20

Reproductive system

Either the male or female body system that controls reproduction.

21

Respiratory system

Body system that includes the lungs and airways and performs breathing.

22

Sensory system

Body system that includes the eyes and ears and those parts of other systems involved in the reactions of the five senses.

23

Spinal cavity

Body space that contains the spinal cord.

24

System

Any group of organs and ancillary parts that work together to perform a major body function.

25

Thoracic cavity

Body space above the abdominal cavity that contains the heart, lungs, and major blood vessels.

26

Tissue

Any group of cells that work together to perform a single function.

27

Urinary system

Body system that includes the kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra and helps maintain homeostasis is by removing fluids and dissolving waste.

28

Ventral cavity

Major cavity in the front of the body containing the thoracic, abdominal, and pelvic cavities.

29

Anterior

At or toward the front ( of the body).

30

Coronal plane

Imaginary line that divides the body into anterior and posterior position.

31

Cross-sectional plane

Imaginary line that intersects the body horizontally.

32

Deep

Away from the surface (of the body).

33

Distal

Away from the point of attachment from the trunk.

34

Dorsal

At or toward the back of the body.

35

Frontal plane

Imaginary line that divides the body into anterior and posterior positions.

36

Inferior

Below another body structure.

37

Lateral

To the side.

38

Lateral plane

Imaginary line that divides the body perpendicularly to the medial plane.

39

Left lower quadrant (LLQ)

Quadrant on the lower left anterior side of the patient's body.

40

Left upper quadrant (LUQ)

Quadrant on the upper left anterior side of the patient's body.

40

Medial

At or near the middle (of the body).

40

Medial plane

Imaginary line that divides the body into equal left and right halves.

41

Midsagittal plane

Imaginary line that divides the body into equal left and right halves.

42

Posterior

At or toward the back side (of the body).

43

Prone

Lying on the stomach with the facedown.

44

Proximal

At or near the point of attachment to the trunk.

45

Right lower quadrant (RLQ)

Quadrants on the lower right anterior side of the patient's body.

46

Right upper quadrant (RUQ)

Quadrant on the upper right anterior side of the patient's body.

47

Sagittal plane

Imaginary line that divides the body into right and left portions.

48

Superficial

At or near the surface (of the body).

49

Superior

Above another body structure.

50

Supine

Lying on the spine facing upward.

51

Transverse plane

Imaginary line that intersects the body horizontally.

52

Ventral

At or toward the front (of the body).

53

Abdomin(o)

Abdomen

54

Acetabul(o)

Cup-shaped hip socket

55

Aden(o)

Gland

56

Adip(o)

Fat

57

Adren(o)

Adrenal glands

58

Alveol(o)

Air sac, alveolus

59

Angi(o)

Vessel

60

Aort(o)

Aorta

61

Appendic(o)

Appendix

62

Arteri(o)

Artery

63

Arteriol(o)

Arteriole

64

Arthr(o)

Joint; artiulation

65

Aur(i), auricul(o)

Ear

66

Blephar(o)

Eyelid

67

Brachi(o)

Arm

68

Bronch(o), bronchi

Bronchus

69

Bucc(o)

Cheek

70

Burs(o)

Bursa

71

Calcane(o)

Heel bone

72

Cardi(o)

Heart; esophageal opening of the stomach

73

Carp(o)

Wrist Bones

74

Celi(o)

Abdomen

75

Cerebr(o)

Cerebrum

76

Cervic(o)

Neck; cervix

77

Cephal(o)

Head

78

Cerebell(o)

Cerebellum

79

Cheil(o), chil(o)

Lip

80

Chir(o)

Hand

81

Chol(e), cholo

Bile

82

Chondri(o), chordr(o)

Cartilage

83

Col(o), colon(o)

Colon

84

Colp(o)

Vagina

85

Core(o)

Pupil

86

Cortic(o)

Cortex

87

Costi, costo

Rib

88

Crani(o)

Cranium

89

Cyst(i), cysto

Bladder; cyst

90

Cyt(o)

Cell

91

Dactyl(o)

Fingers, toes

92

Dent(i), dento

Tooth

93

Derm(o), derma, dermat(o)

Skin

94

Duoden(o)

Duodenum

95

Encephal(o)

Brain

96

Enter(o)

Intestines

97

Episi(o)

Vulva

98

Gastr(o)

Stomach

99

Gingiv(o)

Gum

100

Gloss(o)

Tongue

101

Gnath(o)

Jaw

102

Gonad(o)

Sex glands

103

Hem(a), hemat(o), hemo

Blood

104

Hepat(o), hepatic(o)

Liver

105

Hidr(o)

Sweat

106

Histi(o), histo

Tissue

107

Hyster(o)

Uterus, hysteria

108

Ile(o)

Ileum

109

Ili(o)

Ilium

110

Inguin(o)

Groin

111

Irid(o)

Iris

112

Ischi(o)

Ischium

113

Kary(o)

Nucleus

114

Kerat(o)

Cornea

115

Labi(o)

Lip

116

Lamin(o)

Lamina

117

Lapar(o)

Abdominal wall

118

Laryng(o)

Larynx

119

Linguo

Tongue

120

Lip(o)

Fat

121

Lymph(o)

Lymph

122

Mast(o)

Breast

123

Maxill(o)

Maxilla

124

Medull(o)

Medulla

125

Mening(o)

Meninges

126

Muco

Mucus

127

My(o)

Muscle

128

Myel(o)

Spinal cord; bone marrow

129

Nephr(o)

Kidney

130

Neur, neuro

Nerve

131

oculo

Eye

132

Odont(o)

Tooth

133

Onych(o)

Nail

134

Oo

Egg

135

Oophor(o)

Ovary

136

Ophthalm(o)

Eye

137

Opto, optico

Eye; sight

138

Or(o)

Mouth

139

Orchi(o), orchid(o)

Testis

140

Osseo, ossi

Bone

141

Ost(e), osteo

Bone

142

Ot(o)

Eat

143

Ovari(o)

Ovary

144

Ovi, ovo

Egg; ova

145

Ped(o), pedi

Foot; child

146

Pelvi(o), pelvo

Pelvic bone; hip

147

Pharyng(o)

Pharynx

148

Phleb(o)

Vein

149

Phren(o), phreni, phrenico

Diaphragm; mind

150

Pil(o)

Hair

151

Plasma, plasmo, plasmat(o)

Plasma

152

Pleur(o), pleura

Rib; side; pleura

153

Pneum(a), pneumat(o) pneum(o), pneumon(o)

Lungs; air; breathing

154

Pod(o)

Foot

155

Proct(o)

Anus

156

Psych(o), psyche

Mind

157

Pulmon(o)

Lung

158

Pyel

Renal pelvis

159

Rachi(o)

Spine

160

Rect(o)

Rectum

161

Reni, reno

Kidney

162

Rhin(o)

Nose

163

Sacr(o)

Sacrum

164

Sarco

Fleshy tissue; muscle

165

Scler(o)

Sclera

166

Sial(o)

Salivary glands; saliva

167

Sigmond(o)

Sigmoid colon

168

Somat(o)

Body

169

Sperma, spermato, spermo

Semen; spermatozoa

170

Splanchn(o), splanchni

Viscera

171

Splen(o)

Spleen

172

Spondyl(o)

Vertebra

173

Stern(o)

Stermum

174

Steth(o)

Chest

175

Stom(a), stomat(o)

Mouth

176

Ten(o), tendin(o), tendo, tenon(o)

Tendon

177

Test(o)

Testis

178

Thorac(o), toracico

Thorax, chest

179

Thym(o)

Thymus gland

180

Thyr(o)

Thyroid gland

181

Trache(o)

Trachea

182

Trachel(o)

Neck

183

Trich(o), trichi

Hair

184

Varico

Varicosity

185

Vas(o)

Blood vessel, duct

186

Vasculo

Blood vessel

187

Veni, veno

Vein

188

Ventricul(o)

Ventricle