Chapter 5, Musculoskeletal, page 143 Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Chapter 5, Musculoskeletal, page 143 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 5, Musculoskeletal, page 143 Deck (23):
1

Amputation

Cutting off of a limb or part of a limb.

2

Arthrocentesis

Removal of fluid from a joint with use of a puncture needle.

3

Arthrodesis

Surgical fusion of a joint to stiffen it.

4

Arthroplasty

Surgical replacement or repair of a joint.

5

Bone grafting

Transplantation of bone from one site to another.

6

Bunionectomy

Removal of a bunion.

7

Bursectomy

Removal of a bursa.

8

Casting

Forming of a cast in a mold; placing of fiberglass or plaster over a body part to prevent its movement.

9

External fixation device

Device applied externally to hold a limb in place.

10

Internal fixation device

Device, such as a pin, inserted in bone to hold it in place.

11

Myoplasty

Surgical repair of muscle tissue.

12

Orthosis, orthotic

External appliance used to immobilize or assist the movement of the spine or limbs.

13

Osteoclasis

Breaking of a bone in order to repair or reposition it.

14

Osteoplasty

Surgical replacement or repair of bone.

15

Osteotomy

Cutting of bone.

16

Prosthetic device

Artificial device used as a substitute for a missing or diseased body part.

17

Reduction

Return of a part to its normal position.

18

Splinting

Applying a splint to immobilize a body part.

19

Synovectomy

Removal of part or all of a joint's synovial membrane.

20

Tenotomy

Surgical cutting of a tendon.

21

Traction

Dragging or pulling or straightening of something, as a limb, bye attachment of elastic or other devices.

22

Laminectomy

Removal of part of an interbertebral disk.

23

Spondylosyndesis

Fusion of two or more spinal vertebrae.