Flashcards in Chapter 2- Textbook Deck (31):
What is the State?
An independent, self-serving governing political community whose governing institutions have the capability to make rules that are binding on the popular residing in a particular territory.
What does the Canadian state include?
federal and provincial gov't, military and police forces, employees on various levels of gov't, and crown corps.
What kind of activities are states involved in?
-providing law and order
-stabilizing the economy
-assisting the disadvantaged
What is sovereignty?
the principle that state are the highest authority for their population and territory and are not subject to any external authority
Are all states legally equal?
What is governance?
the making and implementing of decisions often with the involvement of state and non-state organizations
What is a filed state?
a state that is unable to enforce laws, maintain order, protect the ives of citizens, and provide basic order.
What is the nation-state?
A sovereign state based on people living in a country who share a sense of common identity as members of a particular nation
What is a nation?
a group of people who share a sense of common identity and who typically believe they should be self-governing within their homeland
What does Benedict Anderson mean when he describes a nation as an imagined community?
meaning that themembers of even the smallest nation will never know most of their fellow members, meet them, or even hear of them
How do governments promote a national identity?
Try to replace local and regional dialects, cultures, and identities with national language, culture, and identity.
What is nationalism?
the idea that the nation-state is the best from of political community, that a nation should have its own self-governing state, and that the interests, culture, and vales of the nation should be promoted.
What is ethnic nationalism?
nationalism based on common ancestry along with the cultural traditions and language associated with a particular ethnic group.
What is civic nationalism?
nationalism based on the shared political values and political history of those who are citizens of a country.
What is national self-determination?
the idea that actions should have the right to determine their political status, including choosing to have their own sovereign state.
What are binational or multinational states?
states whose populations are composed of two or more nations
What is official multiculturalism?
the policy of recognizing the cultural diversity of the country and providing encouragement and support for those of different cultures to help them retain and foster their cultures and traditions.
Is the nation-state the most desirable for of a political community?
In a nation-state things such as compromise, legitimacy, trust in gov', stable democratic system, and commitment to advancement may be more easily achieved.
What is citizenship?
the idea that a country's permanent residents are full members of the political community with certain ties and rights.
What si the concept of citizenship based on the view of?
that all citizens should be equal members of the political community.
What is globalization?
the processes that are increasing the interconnectedness of the world. Some say the the modern state is declining in significance because globalization is making the boundaries of states less relevant.
What is a key aspect of globalization that has important political implications?
the development of a global economic system in terms of production, trade, and finance.
What can economic globalization increase?
economic efficiency (increasing competition, allow countries to focus on the products they can produce at lowest cost, using trade to obtain cheapest products and services).
What is the risk with globalization?
Economic problems in one country can quickly spread around the world.
What does economic globalization reduce?
the ability of national governments to manage their own economists.
Why has globalization resulted in equalities within many countries?
multinational corporations gain influence, many move operations to low wage countries.
How does cultural globalization involve spreading cultural products and values around the world?
What is political globalization?
Institutions have developed to try to coordination the actions of states (European Union, TransPacific Partnership, etc) and countries have negotiated agreements that affect the politics they adapt. Many non-government organizations operate on a global scale seeing to influence politics in areas such as human rights, environment, etc.
What may the pressures of economic competition encourage countries to do?
remove barriers to the global free market, reducing the role go gov't in the economy.
How can globalization lead to a strong national identity?
As people look for stability, expect their own state to deal with their concerns.