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Flashcards in Chapter 21 Deck (33):
1

A form of sugar, the body's basic source of energy

Glucose

2

Also called sugar diabetes or just diabetes, the condition brought about by decreased insulin production or the inability of the body cells to use insulin properly

Diabetes mellitus

3

A hormone produced by the pancreas or taken as a medication by many diabetics

Insulin

4

Fainting is also known as

Syncope

5

A prolonged seizure or what a person suffers two or more convulsive seizures without regaining full consciousness

Status epilepticus

6

Low blood sugar is also known as

Hypoglycemia

7

A medical condition that causes seizures; with proper medication, many of these patients no longer have seizures

Epilepsy

8

High blood sugar is also known as

Hyperglycemia

9

A sudden change in sensation, behavior, or movement; the most severe form produces violent muscle contractions called convulsions

Seizure

10

A condition of altered function caused when an artery in the brain is blocked or rupture, disrupting the supplier oxygenated blood or causing bleeding into the brain

Stroke

11

The relationship of glucose to insulin is often described as

A lock and key mechanism

12

If sugar is not replenished quickly for the diabetic patients who is developed hypoglycemia the patient:

May have permanent brain damage

13

In a patient with altered mental status, the EMG should always consider what before proceeding with the secondary assessment and transport?

And airway or breathing problem

14

A diabetic emergency may look like what?

Intoxication

15

For the EMT to consider administering oral glucose the patient must meet what three criteria

Altered mental status
History of diabetes
Awake enough to swallow

16

What position is most appropriate for a diabetic patient does not respond to painful stimuli

Recovery position

17

Our children at greater or lesser risk of developing hypoglycemia

Greater

18

Tradename for oral glucose is

Insta-glucose

19

 what are three complications of diabetes

Kidney failure, heart disease, blindness

20

What are the units of blood glucose

Milligrams of glucose per deciliter of blood

21

Blood sugar level below what is considered hypoglycemic

80

22

A blood sugar level above what is considered hyperglycemic

120

23

What are three common causes of seizures

High fever, Brain tumor, infection

24

How long will it seizure typically lasts

1 to 3 minutes

25

A stroke victim should be transported in what position

Semi sitting

26

Of patients who clearly understands you but is struggling to say what he is thinking is called:

Expressive aphasia

27

Of patients who can speak clearly but cannot understand what you are saying has

Receptive aphasia

28

 what are the three phases of tonic clonic seizures

Tonic phase
Clonic phase
Postictal phase

29

What happens in the tonic phase

Body becomes rigid, breathing can stop, tongue maybe bitten

30

What happens in the clonic phase

Body jerks around, patients may foamboard drool from mouth

31

What happens in the Postictal phase

Convulsions stop

32

List six signs and symptoms associated with a diabetic emergency

Altered mental status
Appearance of intoxication
Increased heart rate
Cold, clammy skin
Seizures
Anxiety

33

What are four reasons a diabetic may develop hyperglycemia

Patient has not taken enough insulin
Patient forgot to take insulin
Patient ate too much
Infection