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Flashcards in Chapter 5 Deck (158):
1

The front of the body or body part

Anterior

2

The standard reference position for the body in the study of anatomy

Anatomical position

3

The small tube located near the junction of the small and large intestines in the lower quadrant of the abdomen, The function of which is not well understood

Appendix

4

The microscopic sacs of the lungs where gas exchange with the bloodstream takes place

Alveoli

5

The study of body structure

Anatomy

6

The largest artery in the body; it transports blood from the left ventricle to begin systemic circulation

Aorta

7

The ability of the heart to generate and conduct electrical impulses on it's own

Automaticity

8

The highest portion of the shoulder

acromion process

9

Any blood vessel carrying blood away from the heart

Artery

10

The conversion of glucose into energy without the use of oxygen

Anaerobic metabolism

11

For divisions of the abdomen used to pinpoint the location of a pain or injury

Abdominal quadrants

12

The two upper chambers of the heart; the right chamber receives on oxygenated blood returning from the body, and the left chamber receives oxygenated blood returning from the lungs

Atria

13

The conversion of glucose into energy by use of oxygen

Aerobic metabolism

14

The pelvic socket into which the ball of the proximal end of the femur fits to form of the hip joint

acetabulum

15

The smallest kind of artery

Arteriole

16

The joint where the acromion and the clavicle meet

acromioclavicular joint

17

The system made up of the heart and blood vessels

Cardiovascular system

18

Blood vessels that supply the muscle of the heart

Coronary arteries

19

The ring-shaped structure that forms the lower portion of the lyrics

Cricoid cartilage

20

The carotid and femoral pulses, which can be felt in the central part of the body

Central pulses

21

The top, back, and size of the Scott

Cranium

22

The brain and spinal cord

Central nervous system

23

The wrist bones

Carpels

24

Specialized in voluntary muscle found only in the heart

Cardiac muscle

25

The collarbone

Clavicle

26

The cardiovascular system

Circulatory system

27

A system of specialized muscle tissue conducts electrical impulses that, in turn, stimulate the heart to be

Cardiac conduction system

28

The large neck arteries, one on each side of the neck, they carry blood from the heart to the hat

Carotid arteries

29

A thin walled, microscopic blood vessel where the oxygen and carbon dioxide and nutrients and waste exchange with the body's cells takes place

Capillary

30

Artery of the upper arm

Brachial artery

31

The division of the per referral nervous system controls involuntary motor functions

Autonomic nervous system

32

The heel bone

calcaneus

33

The two large sets of branches that come off the trachea and enter the lungs

Bronchi

34

On both sides

Bilateral

35

The pressure caused my blood exerting force against the walls of blood vessels

Blood pressure

36

Around saclike organ of the renal system used as a reservoir for urine

bladder

37

The bone of the upper arm between the shoulder and the elbow

Humerus

38

A sitting position

Fowlers position

39

Further away from the torso

Distal

40

In adequate perfusion of the cells and tissues of the body caused by insufficient flow of blood through the capillaries

Hypoperfusion

41

Asack on the underside of the liver that stores bile produced by the liver

Gallbladder

42

The inner layer of the skin, Rich and blood vessels and nerves, found beneath the epidermis

Dermis

43

A hormone produced by the body; as a medication, it dilates respiratory passages and is used to relieve severe allergic reaction

Epinephrine

44

The muscular structure that divides the chest cavity from the abdominal cavity

Diaphragm

45

System by which food travels through the body and is broken down into absorbable forms

Digestive system

46

Artery supplying the foot, lateral to the large tendon of the big toe

Dorsalis pedis artery

47

Referring to the back of the body or the back of the hand or foot

Dorsal or posterior

48

The outer layer of the skin

Epidermis

49

The pressure in the arteries when the left ventricle is refilling

Diastolic blood pressure

50

The large bone of the five

Steamer

51

System of glands that produces chemicals called hormones that help to regulate many body activities and functions

And Ohren system

52

A leaf shape structure that prevents food and foreign matter from entering the trachea

Epiglottis

53

a passive process in which the intercostal muscles and the diaphragm relax causing the chest cavity to decrease in size and air to flow out of the lungs

Exhalation

54

The lateral and smaller bone of the lower leg

Fibula

55

The major artery supplying the leg

femoral artery

56

The lower posterior portions of the pelvis

Ischium

57

The voice box

Larynx

58

The two fewest bones forming the upper jaw

Maxillae

59

To the side, away from the midline of the body

Lateral

60

Towards the midline of the body

Medial

61

The free-floating bone in the neck that provides structure to the larynx

hyoid bone

62

The lower jaw bone

Mandible

63

The superior and whitest portion of the pelvis

Ileum

64

Organs in the renal system used to filter blood and regulate fluid levels in the body

Kidneys

65

Away from the head; usually compared with another structure that is closer to the head

Inferior

66

The largest organ of the body; produces bile to assist in the breakdown of fats and assists in the metabolism of various substances in the body

Liver

67

And active process in which the intercostal muscles and the diaphragm contract, expanding the size of the chest cavity and causing air to flow into the lungs

Inhalation

68

The superior portion of this Stern

Manubrium

69

Of more moan produced by the pancreas or taken as a medication by many diabetics

Insulin

70

Protrusion on the side of the ankle

Malleolus

71

Muscle that responds automatically two brain signals but cannot be consciously controlled

Involuntary muscle

72

The point where two bones come together

Joint

73

The muscular tube that removes water from waste products received from the small intestine and removes anything absorbed by the body toward excretion from the body

Large intestine

74

The organs where exchange of atmospheric oxygen and waste carbon dioxide take place

Lungs

75

Tissue that connects bone to bone

Ligament

76

The basin shaped bony structure that supports the spine and is the point of proximal attachment for the lower extremities

Pelvis

77

The kneecap

Patella

78

Referring to the palm of the

hand Palmer

79

The area directly posterior to the mouth

Oropharynx

80

The bony structures around the eyes; the eyesockets

Orbits

81

The nose bones

Nasal bones

82

The radio, brachial, posterior tibial, and dorsalis pedis pulses, which can be felt that per referral points of the body

Per referral pulses

83

A gland located behind the stomach that produces insulin and juices that assist in digestion of food and did you watch the mom and the small intestine

Pancreas

84

The hand bones

Metacarpals

85

Align drawn vertically from the middle of the armpit to the ankle

Mid axillary line

86

The supply of oxygen too and removal of wastes from the cells and tissue of the body as a result of the flow of blood through the capillaries

Perfusion

87

The nerves that enter and leave the spinal cord and travel between the brain and organs without passing through the spinal cord

Peripheral nervous system

88

And imaginary line drawn down the center of the body dividing it into right and left halves

Midline

89

The foot bones

Metatarsals

90

Tissue that can contract to allow movement of the body part

Muscle

91

The line through the center of each clavicle

Midclavicular line

92

The system of brain, spinal cord, and nerves that governs sensation, movement, and thoughts

Nervous system

93

The system of bones and skeletal muscles that supports and protects the body and permits movement

Musculoskeletal system

94

The area directly posterior to the

nose nasopharynx

95

Lying on the side

Recovery position

96

The body system that regulates fluid balance and infiltration of blood

Renal system

97

The lateral bone of the forearm

Radius

98

A flat surface formed when slicing through a solid object

Plane

99

Components of the blood that carry oxygen to and carbon dioxide away from the cells

Red blood cells

100

Artery of the lower arm; it is felt when taking the pulse at the rest

Radial artery

101

The total bones and the finger bones

Full lenses

102

Lying facedown

Prone position

103

The . Directly posterior to the mouth and nose is made up of the oropharynx and the nasopharynx

Pharynx

104

Referring to the soul of the foot

Plantar

105

The back of the body or body part

Posterior

106

The fluid portion of the blood

Plasma

107

Artery supplying the foot, behind the medial ankle

Posterior tibial artery

108

The study of body function

Physiology

109

The rhythmic beats cost as waves of blood and move through and expand the arteries

Pulse

110

Components of the blood; membrane enclosed fragments of specialized cells

Platelets

111

Closer to the torso

Proximal

112

The vessels that carry blood from the right ventricle of the heart to the lungs

Pulmonary artery

113

Vessels that carry oxygenated blood from the lungs to the left atrium of the heart

Pulmonary vein

114

The medial anterior portion of the pelvis

Pubis

115

And organ located in the upper left quadrant of the abdomen that acts as a blood filtration system in the reservoir for reserves of blood

Splaine

116

Muscular sac between the esophagus and the small intestine where digestion of food begins

Stomach

117

Toward the head

Superior

118

The pressure created in the arteries when the left ventricle contracts and forces blood out into the circulation

Systolic blood pressure

119

Tissue that connects muscle to bone

Tendon

120

The wing shaped plates of cartilage that sits anterior to the larynx informs the Adam's apple

Thyroid cartilage

121

The bony structure of the head

Skull

122

The bones of the body

Skeleton

123

The shoulder blade

Scapula

124

The process of moving oxygen and carbon dioxide between circulating blood and the cells

Respiration

125

The system of nose, mouth, throat, lungs, and muscles that brings oxygen into the body and expels carbon dioxide

Respiratory system

126

The body system that is responsible for human reproduction

Reproductive system

127

The layer of tissue between the body and the external environment

Skin

128

Hypoperfusion

Shock

129

The muscular tube between the stomach and the large intestine divided into the duodenum that juju them in the ileum which receives partially digested food from the stomach and continues digestion

Small intestine

130

The breastbone

Sternum

131

The layers of fat and soft tissue found below the dermis

Subcutaneous layers

132

The anklebones

Parcels

133

Lying on the back

Supine

134

The chest

Thorax

135

Any blood vessel returning blood to the heart

Vein

136

The tubes connecting the bladder to the ureter or penis for expiration of urine

Urethra

137

The process of moving gases between any hailed air and the pulmonary circulation of the blood

Ventilation

138

The position in which the patient's feet and legs are higher than the head

Trendelenburg position

139

The two lower chambers of the heart

Ventricles

140

The trunk of the body

Torso

141

33 bones of the spinal column

Vertebrae

142

Components of the blood they produce substances that help the body fight infection

White blood cells

143

These form the structure of the cheeks

Zygomatic arches

144

The medial and larger bone of the lower leg

Tibia

145

The windpipe; the structure that connects the pharynx to belongs

Trachea

146

The medial bone of the forearm

Oma

147

A structure that opens and closes to permit the flow of the fluid and we one direction

Valve

148

The superior vena cava in the inferior vena cava which return blood from the body to the right a trim

Vena cava

149

referring to the front of the body

Anterior

150

The smallest kind of vain

Venule

151

Muscle but can be consciously controlled

Voluntary muscle

152

The inferior portion of the sternum

Xiphoid process

153

Word endings that form nouns, adjectives, or verbs

Suffix

154

The foundation of the word

Route

155

Routes that are combined in medical terms

Combining form

156

To our more whole words combined to form another term

Compound

157

Used to modify or qualify a root word

Prefects

158

List the nine arteries in the body

1) aorta
2) Pulmonary artery
3) Carotid
4) Femoral
5) Brachial
6) Radial
7) Posterior tibial
8) Dorsalis pedis
9) coronary arteries