Flashcards in Chapter 12 Deck (53):
The pressure remaining in the arteries when the left ventricle is relaxed and refilling
Diastolic blood pressure
A slow pulse; below 60 bpm
Force of blood against the walls of of vessels
The pulse felt along the large artery on either side of the neck
Touching or feeling
The number of pulse beats per minute
The pupils of the eyes reacting to light
The rhythmic beats felt as heart pumps blood through arteries
The rhythm (regular or irregular) and force (strong or weak) of the pulse
Major artery in the arm
Black center of the eye
To get larger (pupils)
To get smaller (pupils)
Pulse felt at the wrist
# of breaths taken in 1 minute
Normal or abnormal character of breathing
A rapid pulse, greater than 100 bpm
The pressure created when the heart constricts and forces blood into arteries
Regular or irregular spacing of breaths
Ratio of amount of oxygen present in the blood compared to the amount that could be carried
Objective indication of the patient's condition that can be seen, heard, or felt by others
A subjective Indication of patient's condition that cannot be observed by others
The cuff and gauge used to measure BP
Outward signs of what's going on inside the body; respiration, pulse, skin color, pupils, BP
Pulse in the upper arm
Electronic device for measuring oxygen saturation (SpO2)
Machine that automatically measures BP
What is a thready pulse considered to be in terms of strength?
What is normal pulse for a school-age child (6-10 yrs)?
70 - 110
What is a normal pulse rate for an adult?
High concentration oxygen should be administered if a patient's respiratory rate is above or below what numbers?
Above 24, below 8
A normal adult respiratory rate is:
12 - 20
A normal respiratory rate for a toddler (1-3 yrs) is:
Do most feeling people breathe with their diaphragm or chest?
You encounter a patient making gurgling sounds. What should you administer?
The best places to assess skin color in adults are:
Inside of the cheek and the nail beds
What color will the skin be of a patient with lack of oxygen in red blood cells from inadequate breathing or heart function?
The skin of a patient with a liver abnormality will be:
The skin of a patient exposed to cold will be:
Cold and dry
The skin of a pt with high fever or heat exposure will be:
Hot & dry
What does a glucose meter report, in units?
mg of glucose per dL of blood
Name 3 conditions that may be associated with uneven pupils.
Stroke, head injury, eye injury
Name 3 things that make make eyes dilated.
Fright, blood loss, drugs, eye drops
A pulse oximeter should be used on patients complaining if what?
What might cause a falsely high reading on a pulse oximeter?
Carbon monoxide poisoning
Chronic smoker's pulse oximeter readings might be abnormally:
What's a normal reading on a pulse oximeter?
What part of the hand should an EMT use to assess skin temp?
A normal blood glucose reading is:
60 - 100 mg/dL
The heart contracting creates which kind of blood pressure?
If a manual (without auscultation) BP must be recorded, which reading will you get?