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Flashcards in Chapter 12 Deck (53):
0

The pressure remaining in the arteries when the left ventricle is relaxed and refilling

Diastolic blood pressure

1

A slow pulse; below 60 bpm

Bradycardia

2

Force of blood against the walls of of vessels

Blood pressure

3

The pulse felt along the large artery on either side of the neck

Carotid pulse

4

Touching or feeling

Palpation

5

The number of pulse beats per minute

Pulse rate

6

The pupils of the eyes reacting to light

Reactivity

7

The rhythmic beats felt as heart pumps blood through arteries

Pulse

8

The rhythm (regular or irregular) and force (strong or weak) of the pulse

Pulse quality

9

Major artery in the arm

Brachial artery

10

Black center of the eye

Pupil

11

Listening

Auscultation

12

To get larger (pupils)

Dilate

13

To get smaller (pupils)

Constrict

14

Pulse felt at the wrist

Radial pulse

15

# of breaths taken in 1 minute

Respiratory rate

16

Normal or abnormal character of breathing

Respiratory quality

17

A rapid pulse, greater than 100 bpm

Tachycardia

18

The pressure created when the heart constricts and forces blood into arteries

Systolic pressure

19

Regular or irregular spacing of breaths

Respiratory rhythm

20

Ratio of amount of oxygen present in the blood compared to the amount that could be carried

Oxygen saturation

21

Objective indication of the patient's condition that can be seen, heard, or felt by others

Sign

22

A subjective Indication of patient's condition that cannot be observed by others

Symptom

23

The cuff and gauge used to measure BP

Sphygmomanometer

24

Outward signs of what's going on inside the body; respiration, pulse, skin color, pupils, BP

Vital signs

25

Pulse in the upper arm

Brachial pulse

26

Electronic device for measuring oxygen saturation (SpO2)

Pulse oximiter

27

Machine that automatically measures BP

BP monitor

28

What is a thready pulse considered to be in terms of strength?

Weak

29

What is normal pulse for a school-age child (6-10 yrs)?

70 - 110

30

What is a normal pulse rate for an adult?

60-100

31

High concentration oxygen should be administered if a patient's respiratory rate is above or below what numbers?

Above 24, below 8

32

A normal adult respiratory rate is:

12 - 20

33

A normal respiratory rate for a toddler (1-3 yrs) is:

20-30

34

Do most feeling people breathe with their diaphragm or chest?

Diaphragm

35

You encounter a patient making gurgling sounds. What should you administer?

Suction

36

The best places to assess skin color in adults are:

Inside of the cheek and the nail beds

37

What color will the skin be of a patient with lack of oxygen in red blood cells from inadequate breathing or heart function?

Cyanotic

38

The skin of a patient with a liver abnormality will be:

Jaundiced

39

The skin of a patient exposed to cold will be:

Cold and dry

40

The skin of a pt with high fever or heat exposure will be:

Hot & dry

41

What does a glucose meter report, in units?

mg of glucose per dL of blood

42

Name 3 conditions that may be associated with uneven pupils.

Stroke, head injury, eye injury

43

Name 3 things that make make eyes dilated.

Fright, blood loss, drugs, eye drops

44

A pulse oximeter should be used on patients complaining if what?

Respiratory problems

45

What might cause a falsely high reading on a pulse oximeter?

Carbon monoxide poisoning

46

Chronic smoker's pulse oximeter readings might be abnormally:

High

47

What's a normal reading on a pulse oximeter?

95-100

48

What part of the hand should an EMT use to assess skin temp?

Back

49

A normal blood glucose reading is:

60 - 100 mg/dL

50

The heart contracting creates which kind of blood pressure?

Systolic

51

If a manual (without auscultation) BP must be recorded, which reading will you get?

Systolic only

52

Severe hypotension in an adult is considered below what?

90