Chapter 28, Protists Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 28, Protists Deck (58):
1

Name the four supergroups of eukaryotes

Excavata, SAR clade, Archaeplastida, Unikonta

2

Which supergroup of eukaryotes are land plants in?

Archaeplastida

3

Which supergroup of eukaryotes are animals in?

Unikonta

4

Supergroup of cytoskeleton

Excavata

5

Supergroup of excavated feeding groove

Excavata

6

Three subgroups of Excavata

Diplomonads, parabasalids, and euglenozoans

7

(Eukaryotes) Supergroup and subgroup->> no plastids

Diplomonads and parabasalids, Excavata

8

(Eukaryotes) Supergroup and subgroup->> modified mitochondria

Diplomonads and parabasalids, Excavata

9

(Eukaryotes) Supergroup and subgroup->> most live in anaerobic environments

Diplomonads and parabasalids, Excavata

10

(Eukaryotes) Supergroup and subgroup->> two equal-sized nuclei

Diplomonads, Excavata

11

(Eukaryotes) Supergroup and subgroup->> Giardia intestinalis

Diplomonads, Excavata

12

(Eukaryotes) Supergroup and subgroup->> Trichomonas vaginalis

Parabasalids, Excavata

13

(Eukaryotes) Supergroup and subgroup->> predatory heterotrophs, photosynthesis autotrophs, mixotrophs, and parasites

Euglenozoans, Excavata

14

(Eukaryotes) Supergroup and subgroup->> a spiral or crystalline rod inside their flagella

Euglenozoans, Excavata

15

(Eukaryotes) Supergroup, subgroup, and sub-sub-group->> one or two flagella that emerge from a pocket at one end of the cell

Euglenids, Euglenozoans, Excavata

16

(Eukaryotes) Supergroup, subgroup and sub-sub-group->> free-living species are consumers of prokaryotes in freshwater, marine, and moist terrestrial ecosystems

Kinetoplastids, Euglenozoans, Excavata

17

(Eukaryotes) Supergroup, subgroup and sub-sub-group->> Trypanosoma

Kinetoplastids, Euglenozoans, Excavata

18

(Eukaryotes) Supergroup, subgroup and sub-sub-group->> Chagas' disease

Kinetoplastids, Euglenozoans, Excavata

19

(Eukaryotes) Supergroup, subgroup and sub-sub-group->> evade immune response by switching surface proteins

Kinetoplastids, Euglenozoans, Excavata

20

(Eukaryotes) Three major clades of the SAR supergroup

Stramenopiles, Alveolates, rhizarians

21

(Eukaryotes) Supergroup and subgroup->> diatoms

Stramenoplies, SAR

22

(Eukaryotes) Supergroup and subgroup->> brown algae

Stramenoplies, SAR

23

Largest and most complex algae

Brown algae

24

Algae- all are multicellular, most are marine

Brown algae

25

Three parts of brown algae and their functions

Holdfast (root), Stipe (stem), Blades (leaves)

26

(Eukaryotes) Supergroup and subgroup->> Dinoflagellates

Alveolates, SAR

27

(Eukaryotes) Supergroup, subgroup and sub-sub-group->> two flagella

Dinoflagellates, Alveolates, SAR

28

(Eukaryotes) Supergroup, subgroup and sub-sub-group->> cellulose plates

Dinoflagellates, Alveolates, SAR

29

(Eukaryotes) Supergroup, subgroup and sub-sub-group->> red tides

Dinoflagellates, Alveolates, SAR

30

(Eukaryotes) Supergroup, subgroup and sub-sub-group->> endosymbionts with reefs

Dinoflagellates, Alveolates, SAR

31

(Eukaryotes) Supergroup and subgroup->> Apicomplexans

Alveolates, SAR

32

(Eukaryotes) Supergroup, subgroup and sub-sub-group->> parasites of humans, some cause serious human diseases

Apicomplexans, Alveolates, SAR

33

(Eukaryotes) Supergroup, subgroup and sub-sub-group->> spread through hosts by sporozoites

Apicomplexans, Alveolates, SAR

34

(Eukaryotes) Supergroup, subgroup and sub-sub-group->> most have sexual and asexual states that require two or more host species for completion

Apicomplexans, Alveolates, SAR

35

(Eukaryotes) Supergroup, subgroup and sub-sub-group->> Plasmodium

Apicomplexans, Alveolates, SAR

36

(Eukaryotes) Supergroup and subgroup->> Ciliates

Alveolates, SAR

37

(Eukaryotes) Supergroup, subgroup and sub-sub-group->> large macronuclei and small micronuclei

Ciliates, Alveolates, SAR

38

(Eukaryotes) Supergroup, subgroup and sub-sub-group->> genetic variation results from conjuation

Ciliates, Alveolates, SAR

39

(Eukaryotes) Supergroup, subgroup and sub-sub-group->> Paramecium

Ciliates, Alveolates, SAR

40

(Eukaryotes) Supergroup and subgroup->> Forams

Rhizarians, SAR

41

(Eukaryotes) Supergroup, subgroup and sub-sub-group->> porous, generally multichanbered shells called tests through which pseudopodia extend

Forams, Rhizarians, SAR

42

(Eukaryotes) Supergroup, subgroup and sub-sub-group->> many have endosymbiotic algae

Forams, Rhizarians, SAR

43

(Eukaryotes) Supergroup, subgroup and sub-sub-group->> form an extensive fossil record that can be used to estimate changes in ocean temperature

Forams, Rhizarians, SAR

44

Gave birth to land plants

Green algae

45

Three subgroups of Archaeplastida

Red algae, green algae, land plants

46

(Algae) Accessory pigment is phycoerythrin

Red algae

47

(Algae) Color varies from greenish-red in shallow water to dark red-black in deep water

Red algae

48

Subgroup of algae-> most live in fresh water, although many are marine

Green algae-> chlorophytes

49

Subgroup of algae-> live in damp soil, as symbionts in lichens, or in environments exposed to intense visible and ultraviolet radiationq

Green algae-> chlorophytes

50

Ulva

Green algae

51

Volox

Green algae

52

Two clades of unikonta

Amoebozoans and opisthokonts

53

Once thought to be fungi

slime molds

54

Two lineages of slime molds

Plasmodial and cellular

55

Describe the division and feeding of the multicellular plasmodium

Undivided by plasma membranes, contains many diploid nuclei, extends pseudopodia to eat by phagocytosis

56

Describe the unicellular and multicellular forms of cellular slime molds

Individual feeding or aggregations formed to migrate or form a fruiting body

57

Describe entamoebas and give their supergroup

Parasites of vertebrates and some invertebrates, Unikonta

58

How has global warming harmed the growth of photosynthetic protists and phytoplankton?

Warm water prevents the upwelling needed to bring nutrients from the ocean floor