Chapter 2.8 The Endocrine system Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 2.8 The Endocrine system Deck (10)
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1
Q

_______ is a chemical regulator of the body that consists of glands that secrete
hormones which influence behavior. These hormones are chemicals that circulate through the blood and regulate the functioning or growth of the body.

A

Endocrine system

2
Q

Too much thyroxine may cause people to lose weight and sleep and to be overactive, or called _____

A

hypothyroidism.

3
Q

The Adrenal glands become active when a person is angry or frightened. In turn the brain releases ______ and _____ which cause rapid heartbeat and breathing,
heightened emotions, such as fear and anxiety.

A

epinephrine and norepinephrine

4
Q

________ and ______ the imbalances of these hormones can cause premenstrual
syndrome (PMS) in some women such as feelings of fatigue, irritability, and depression.

A

Estrogen and progesterone

5
Q

are the major glands that composed the endocrine system: ____ , _____ , _____ , _____ , ______

A

Hypothalamus, Pituitary Gland, Thyroid Glands, Adrenal Glands, Sex Glands

6
Q

It controls the pituitary gland

A

Hypothalamus

7
Q

This gland is called the “master gland” because it influence other
galnds.

A

Pituitary Glands

8
Q

It regulates metabolism.

A

Thyroid Glands

9
Q

It triggers “fight ot flight response”

A

Adrenal Glands

10
Q

It controls sexual behavior and development of sexual characteristics.

A

Sex Glands