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Flashcards in chapter 36 Deck (17):
1

the ability to breath when sick in children

Respiratory problems occur more often, with greater severity in infants and children
Ability to mouth breath when the nose is blocked is not automatic

2

nasopharngitis is the

common cold

3

allergic rhinitis causes the

hay fever

4

Postsleep barking cough; increasing respiratory difficulty; stridor
Anxiety, restlessness, hoarseness

Spasmodic Laryngitis

5

treatment for
Spasmodic Laryngitis

Cool-mist humidifiers; possible low-dose emetic prescription

6

Barking cough; difficulty breathing, rapid pulse

Acute Laryngotracheobronchitis

7

treatment for
Acute Laryngotracheobronchitis

Goal: Maintain airway and adequate air exchange
Antimicrobial therapy; supersaturated atmosphere; nebulized epinephrine
Severe symptoms: Intubation

8

Uncommon condition
Sore throat; dysphagia; high fever; anxiety; tripod position breathing

Epiglottitis

9

treatment for
Epiglottitis

Possible intubation; moist air; pulse oximetry; antibiotics

10

Bronchi/bronchioles plugged with thick, viscid mucus
Trapping air in lungs; exhalation difficult
Dyspnea; dry, persistent cough; extremely shallow respirations; air hunger; cyanosis; anxiety, restlessness

Acute Bronchiolitis(Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infection)

11

treatment and diagnose for
Acute Bronchiolitis(Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infection)

Confirmed by ELISA of mucus

Hospitalization with contact precautions; mist tent; rest; increased fluids

12

Hypersensitive response to allergens
Dry, hacking cough; wheezing; difficulty breathing

asthma

13

diagnosis and treatment of asthma

Auscultation; pulmonary function tests
Treatment
Bronchodilators; corticosteroids
Leukotriene inhibitors; mast cell stabilizers
Chest physiotherapy

14

Abrupt; high fever; respiratory distress; tachycardia; tachypnea

Bacterial Pneumonia

15

treatment for
Bacterial Pneumonia

Anti-infectives; oxygen; IV fluids

16

Major dysfunction of all exocrine glands
Pancreatic involvement; pulmonary involvement
Other organ involvement

Cystic Fibrosis

17

treatment for cystic fbrosis

Dietary treatment
Pulmonary treatment
Home care: Tremendous burden on family