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Flashcards in chapter 30 Deck (23):
1

Mechanical restraints must be used

Secure a child during IV infusions; protect a surgical site from injury, such as cleft lip and cleft palate; when restraint by hand is impractical

2

snug wraps used to restrain an infant or small child during a procedure

Mummy restraints

3

papoose boards

Papoose boards are similar restraints used for toddlers or preschoolers

4

Clove hitch restraints

Secure arm or leg, most often when a child is receiving an IV infusion. Restraint is made of soft cloth formed in a figure eight. Padding under the restraint is desirable if the child puts any pull on it. Loosen the restraint, check site at least every one to two hours

5

Elbow restraints

Wrapped around the child’s arm, tied securely to prevent elbow bending

6

Jacket restraints

Secure child from climbing out of bed or a chair; keep the child in a horizontal position

7

Three most common methods of holding a child

Horizontal position
Upright position
Football hold

8

Positioning for sleep

Infants on their backs or supported on their sides

9

what is no longer recommended for fever reducer

Tepid sponge baths no longer recommended for reducing fever

10

When lowering a child’s temperature and shivering occurs you must stop what you are doing to lower the temperature. This is because shivering

Is the body’s mechanism for raising the temperature

11

gavage also called what

Also called enteral tube feeding
Can be intermittent (bolus feeding) or continuous

12

Gastrostomy feeding

Surgically inserted through the abdominal wall into the stomach
Used in children who must receive tube feedings over a long period of time
Meticulous care of the wound site is necessary to prevent infection and irritation

13

after each feeding place the child in what position

After each feeding, place child on left side or in Fowler’s position (preferred).

14

if a bulb syringe does not work for suction what else can be used

Nasotracheal suctioning with a sterile suction catheter may be needed if secretions cannot be removed by other methods

15

Local application of heat: Increases

Increases circulation by vasodilation, promoting muscle relaxation

16

artificial heat and children

Artificial heat should never be applied to the child’s skin without a specific order; 20 minutes per application

17

moist heat

more rapid, do not warm in microwave

18

dry heat

heat pad, k pad, water bottle, not recommened in peds unit

19

cold thereapy reduces

Purposes: Reduce edema; control hemorrhage; provide anesthetic effect

20

dry cold

ice bag, ice pack

21

moist cold

towel

22

ileostomy

A similar opening in the small intestine

23

urostomy

Created to facilitate external urine elimination