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Flashcards in Chapter 47 Deck (24):
1

Eyes 2/3 years

20/50

2

Eyes 6-7

20/20

3

Eyes of a newborn

•Visual acuity is 20/100 to 20/400
•Lens cannot accommodate, so they see best at a distance of 8 inches
•Optic nerve myelinating, so ability to distinguish colors and detail is decreased
•Eye color changes during first 6 months of life

4

Ear autonomy of child

•Eustachian tube in infants is proportionately shorter, wider, and more horizontal than in children and adults

5

What happens to ear when mouth opens

•During sucking or yawning, the tube briefly opens, allowing free passage from the nasopharynx and middle ear
•This passage predisposes infants to otitis media
•Over time, Eustachian tube becomes more “adult like”

6

Up to what age are infant breath out of there nose

6 months

7

Tonsils are usually what size and decrease in size at what age

Large and decrease at 10 years

8

Tooth rule

First tooth age 6 month
First tooth lost 6 years

9

Conjunctivitis is

Pink eye

10

Astigmatism

Curve in the cornea
Cross eye

11

Blind children tend to have

Blank stares and faces

12

Communicating with a deaf child who can read lips

Position your face 3-6 ft away

13

Infection of eyelid and surrounding tissues
Usually bacterial – an emergency

Cellulitis (Periorbital)

14

Strabismus

crossed eyed

15

Amblyopia

lazy eye

16

Retinopathy of Prematurity (ROP)

Retina normally vascularizes around 8 months gestation
In ROP, immature blood vessels in retina constrict and necrose.
Result: visual impairment to complete vision loss
Minimize exposure to light, titrate oxygen closely

17

Inflammation with or without infection of the middle ear
caused by

otitis media
Eustachian tube dysfunction

18

Inflammation of skin and soft tissues of the ear

otitis externa
swimmers ear
easly infected

19

otitis externa can cause

delayed language
hearing loss

20

with deaf child postion face

3-6 inches away from face

21

Common cold” or “upper respiratory infection

Nasopharyngitis

22

treatment of Nasopharyngitis

Treatment
Nose drops
Humidify room
Antipyretics
Do not use cold or cough products in children less than 2 years of age

23

Inflammation of one or more of the paranasal sinuses

Sinusitis

24

Infection of the pharynx and tonsils
Rare in children less than 1 year – common at 4 to 7 years

Pharyngitis