Chapter 39 GU Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 39 GU Deck (14):
1

Fever; nausea/vomiting; foul-smelling urine; weight loss; increased urination
More common: Females than males (after 4 months of life); “diaper age”; ages 2 to 6

UTI

2

Involuntary urination beyond the age when control of urination commonly is acquired

Enuresis

3

age of wetting the bed

5 to 7 years of age: Normal age of complete nighttime control
9 or 10 years of age: Occasional bed-wetting may be seen

4

causes of enuresis

Physiologic or psychological cause
Physiologic causes
Small bladder capacity
Urinary tract infection
Deep sleep
Psychological causes
Emotional stress: Precipitating factor?
Rigorous toilet training; resentment or regression
Can be symptom of sexual abuse

5

Allergic reaction to specific infection (group A beta-hemolytic streptococcal

Acute Glomerulonephritis

6

Clinical manifestations Acute Glomerulonephritis

Clinical manifestations
Presents with grossly bloody urine
Fever
Oliguria
Treatment
Limit activities
Penicillin (to eradicate existing infection)

7

nursing care for Acute Glomerulonephritis

Nursing care
Bed rest
Strict I&O
Follow fluid restriction parameters
Blood pressure should be monitored regularly
Daily weight
Regular urine testing (dipstick)

8

is a group of symptoms that include protein in the urine, low blood protein levels, high cholesterol levels, high triglyceride levels, and swelling.

nephrotic syndrome

9

clinical manesfestations of nephrotic syndrome

Presenting edema (eyes, ankles) progresses to generalized; appetite loss; irritability
Diagnosis: Urinalysis

10

most commmon form of nephrotic syndrome in children

Lipoid nephrosis

11

Adenosarcoma in the kidney region
Tumor rarely discovered until large enough for palpation through abdominal wall

Wilms tumor

One of most common abdominal neoplasms of early childhood
Disseminates to other parts of body via kidney or renal vein
Visibly posted sign: Avoid abdominal palpation
Treatment: Surgical removal, radiation, chemotherapy

12

Collection of peritoneal fluid that accumulates in the scrotum

hydrocele

13

One or both of the testes do not descend

Cryptorchidism

14

s/s of premenstrual syndrome

Edema, headache, increased anxiety, mild depression, mood swings