Chapter 40 muscuskletal Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 40 muscuskletal Deck (19):
1

Child fractures differ from adult
by

Less complicated
Heal more quickly
Occur from different causes (usually

2

Most commonly fractured
are

Clavicle; femur; tibia
Humerus; wrist; fingers

3

Separated fragments of bone

complete

4

Bones partially joined

incomplete

5

Common in children

green stick

6

Fractured bone penetrates skin

compound open

7

Single break in bone without skin penetration

simple closed

8

Wrenching force fracture, frequently associated with child abuse

spiral fracture

9

five p's

Pain; pulse; paresthesia; paralysis; pallor

10

Infection of the bone caused by Staphylococcus aureus

Osteomyelitis

11

clinical manesfestations osteomyelitis

Clinical manifestations: Abrupt occurrence
Fever; malaise; pain; localized tenderness; limited joint motion
Diagnosis: Laboratory results; later on: radiographs

12

Hereditary, progressive, degenerative muscle disease

Muscular Dystrophy

13

Clinical manifestations: Muscular Dystrophy

Clinical manifestations: First signs noted: infancy or childhood
Difficulty standing and walking; trunk muscle weakness develops (later)
Mild mental retardation
Progressive muscle weakness
No effective treatment

14

Aseptic necrosis of the head of the femur

Legg–Calvé–Perthes Disease

15

clinical manesfestations Legg–Calvé–Perthes Disease

Pain in hip/groin; limp with muscle spasms; limited motion

treatment Containing the femoral head within acetabulum during revascularization process: facilitate new femoral head formation into smoothly functioning joint
Reconstructive surgery

16

Malignant, long-bone tumor; boys more frequently than girls
Pediatric exposure to radiation or retinoblastoma increase likelihood

Osteosarcoma

17

clinical manesfestations Osteosarcoma

Pain, swelling at tumor site
Pathologic fractures of the bone and lung metastasis can occur
Surgical removal of the bone or the limb (amputation), followed by chemotherapy

18

Malignant tumor found in bone marrow of the long bones of older school-aged or adolescent boys

Ewing Sarcoma

pain at tumor site

19

Lateral curvature of the spine in two forms: Structural; functional (more common)

Scoliosis