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Flashcards in chapter 37 cardiac Deck (15):
1

Autoimmune reaction to group A beta-hemolytic streptococcal infections

Rheumatic Fever

2

clinical manesfestations Rheumatic Fever

Carditis: Inflammation of the heart
Polyarthritis: Migratory arthritis
Chorea: Emotional instability, muscular weakness, purposeless movements
Diagnosis: Difficult
Treatment: Prevention of residual heart disease
Prevention of infection

3

clinical manesfestaions of Kawasaki Disease

Fever; irritability; lethargy; dry, red, cracked lips
Conjunctival inflammation; red-colored tongue
Edema and skin peeling in hands, feet; rash
Diagnosis: Symptomology
Treatment and nursing care

4

Blood cells produce insufficient hemoglobin, are smaller than normal; milk babies

iron defienceny anemia

5

clinical manesfestions iron defienceny anemia

Less-than-average weight; pale mucous membranes; anorexia; listlessness; slowed growth

6

Abnormal hemoglobin production (most common in African Americans), resulting in RBCs assuming sickle shape when inherited from both parents


sickle cell disease

7

clinical manesfestions of sickles cell disease

Sickle cell trait: Asymptomatic when inherited from one parent
Clinical manifestations: Chronic anemia; sickle cell crisis
Diagnosis: Screening
Treatment: Prevention of crises

8

Inherited mild-to-severe anemias: Abnormal hemoglobin production

Thalassemia

9

Clinical manifestations Thalassemia

Anemia; fatigue; pallor; irritability; anorexia
Bone pain/fractures common; organ involvement
Treatment: Transfusions (potential iron overload); medications; side effects
Nursing care: Poor prognosis

10

Mechanics of clot formation

Hemophilia

11

Hemophilia Clinical manifestations

Prolonged bleeding with frequent hemorrhages into skin, joint spaces, intramuscular tissues

12

Platelet deficit causing hemorrhages into skin or mucous membranes

Idiopathic Thrombocytopenic Purpura

13

Clinical manifestations Idiopathic Thrombocytopenic Purpura

Acute onset; bruising/rash; hematuria or epistaxis

14

Uncontrolled reproduction of deformed WBCs; most common type of childhood cancer

Acute Leukemia

15


Clinical manifestations Acute Leukemia

Surprisingly abrupt with few warning signs
Fatigue; pallor; low-grade fever
Bone, joint pain; petechiae; purpura