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Flashcards in Chapter 4 Deck (58)
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1

What is the most common building material used in North America and is the main component of a variety of structural assemblies?

Wood

2

Rapid cooling, which can occur when water is used to extinguish a fire, may cause __ materials to crack

Masonry

3

What common building material is often used in the construction of fire walls.

Masonry

4

Applying water to burning __ minimizes damage by stopping the charring process, which reduces its strength.

Wood

5

What building material is rarely used in modern construction and was historically fastened in large sections to the masonry on the front of buildings

Cast iron

6

Firefighters should look for cracks and spalling of __ surfaces.

Reinforced concrete

7

What is the primary material used for structural support in the construction of large modern buildings?

Steel

8

Firefighters should consider that elongating ____ can actually push out load bearing walls and cause a collapse.

Steel

9

What common building material is internally fortified with rebar or wire mesh?

Reinforced Concrete

10

A primary concern with the use of ________ is that bolts or other connections that hold it to the building can fail, causing these sections to come crashing down.

Cast Iron

11

What is an inorganic product from which plaster and wallboards are constructed?

Gypsum

12

If heated, _____ may crack and shatter when it is struck by a cold fire stream.

Glass

13

What common building material is used in sheet form for doors and windows?

Glass

14

In areas where ______ has failed, the structure members behind it
will subjected to higher temperatures and could fail as a result.

Gypsum

15

Which type of construction has exterior walls, load bearing walls, floors, roofs, and supports made completely or partially of wood or other approved materials of smaller dimensions than those used for heavy timber construction?

Type V

16

Which type of construction requires that exterior walls and structural members be made of noncombustible or limited combustible materials and interior structural members are completely or partially constructed of wood or smaller dimensions than that required for heavy timber construction?

Type III

17

What type of construction maintains its structural integrity during a fire, which is intended to allow occupants time to exit the building?

Type I

18

Which type of construction requires that interior structural members are made of solid or laminated wood large enough to be considered heavy timber, with no concealed spaces?

Type IV

19

Which type of construction is similar to fire-resistive construction except that the structural components lack the insulation or other protection of type I construction?

Type II

20

The primary fire concerns in _____ construction are the contents of the structure and interior finishes.

Type I

21

The primary fire concern in _____ construction is the problem of fire and smoke spreading through concealed spaces.

Type III

22

Which type of construction has a fire-resistive rating on all parts of the structure including exterior and interior load-bearing walls and building materials?

Type II

23

Which type of construction presents almost unlimited potential for fire extension within the building of origin and to nearby structures, particularly if the nearby structures are also wood-frame construction?

Type V

24

The primary fire hazard in _____ construction is the massive amount of combustible contents presented by the structural timbers in addition to the contents of the building.

Type IV

25

Which type of construction confines fire well?

Type II

26

Which type of construction resists collapse due to flame impingement of heavy beams?

Type IV

27

Which type of construction is relatively easy to vertically ventilate?

Type III

28

Which type of construction is resistant to collapse from earthquakes due to lightweight and flexibility?

Type V

29

Which type of construction is inpervious to water damage?

Type I

30

What is one weakness of Type I construction?

It is difficult to ventilate.