What happened on September 16, 1810?
Father Miguel Hidalgo y costilla made the speech called "the cry of Dolores" or "el Griti de Dolores"
What is Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla's speech called?
Cry of Dolores
What did Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla's speech ask the Mexicans to do?
help him fight against the spanish- fight for independance or freedom from spanish rule
Why did Mexicans and Hidalgo want independence?
because they were treated badly by the Spanish and they did not like the Spanish Goverenment
What is independence?
WHo were criollos?
people born of Spanish parents in Mexico
People born in New Spain but had Spanish parents
What did criollos want?
they wanted to be treated the same as people from Spain-
Were criollos treated as equals in Mexico under spanish rule? How were they treated?
no they were treated badley-
example they were not given good jobs in the governement
Who were mestizos?
people of European and Indian heritage
How were mestizos treated?
even less fairly then the criollos
How many years did Mexico fight spain?
How did the mexico -spanish war effect how the Spanish looked after California?
Spain was too busy fighing in mexico- so they did not send supplies to soldiers in presidios in California
Where did a battle take place in California during the Mexico spanish war? and what happened?
Took place in Monterey
The Capital at Monterey was burned down
Did Mexico win independence?
After the war ended, who controlled Alta California?
Who was Pablo Vicente de Sola?
He was the Spanish govenor of Alta California
Did the people in alta california accept Mexican rule?
There were new laws put in place in alta california How did trade change?
How did the new trade laws help california?
The new Law allowed other countries to with California
It helped California's economy
WHy did the NEW Mexican governement want to end the mission system in alta california?
1. Missions had become very powerful
2 missions reminded people of Spanish rule
WHo was Jose Figueroa?
He was the Mexican govenor of California
What was secularization?
End of church rule of the Missions
What would happen to all the missions under Jose Figueroa's plan under secularization ?
1.He wanted the missions to become pueblos and each mission church would become the pueblos church
2.and he wanted Indians to get 1/2 mission lands
Did Jose Figuerroa think the Indians should get Mission land? Did the Indians get land?
No the Indians got very little land
How did Mexican leaders hope to help the Indians?
by getting land
Who was Lorenzo Assara?
He was an Indian living at Mission Santa cruz
he said Indians got old mares and not healthy horses
What probelms did Indians have that kept land?
They lacked the tools and animals needed for farming
WHy was it difficult for Indians to return to their old ways of life?
Because they had been born and raised in Missions new spanish ways of agriculture and it was difficult to go back to hunters and gathers
In the end, what did the Indians do after the Missions were secularized?
had no choice but to work for the Californios and the new settlers
Why did crillos, Indians, and mestizos want independence from spain?
To be free because they were treated poorly
How did new laws change life in Calfornia?
they could trade with different countries and it improved the economy
How did life change for mission Indians under Mexican rule?
they got little land and then worked for the Californio and the new settlers-
How did Mexican independence affect life in Alta California?
because the Mexicans ruled alta california and laws changed, trading opened to other countries, secularization of Missions happend, and indians had to go work for new settlers and Californiios
What was the location of the only battle fought in alta california during the mexican war for independence?
WHy do you think the new Mexican government wanted to trade with other countries
beause they had other products and goods and could gain wealth
WHy did the Mexican governemtent close the missions and how did this affect california indians?
the missions reminded the Mexicans of Spanish rule and the Missions had become powerful- it affected the Indians because they had no where to live and had to go work for the new settlers and Californios