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Flashcards in Chapter 4 lesson1 Deck (36):
1

What happened on September 16, 1810?

Father Miguel Hidalgo y costilla made the speech called "the cry of Dolores" or "el Griti de Dolores"

2

What is Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla's speech called?

Cry of Dolores

3

What did Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla's speech ask the Mexicans to do?

help him fight against the spanish-  fight for independance or freedom from spanish rule

4

Why did Mexicans and Hidalgo want independence?

because they were treated badly by the Spanish and they did not like the Spanish Goverenment

5

What is independence?

freedom

6

WHo were criollos?

people born of Spanish parents in Mexico

People born in New Spain but had Spanish parents

7

What did criollos want?

they wanted to be treated the same as people from Spain-  

8

Were criollos treated as equals in Mexico under spanish rule? How were they treated?

no they were treated badley-

example they were not given good jobs in the governement

9

Who were mestizos?

people of European and Indian heritage

10

How were mestizos treated?

even less fairly then the criollos

11

How many years did Mexico fight spain?

11 years

12

How did the mexico -spanish war  effect how the Spanish looked after California?

Spain was too busy fighing in mexico-  so they did not send supplies to soldiers in presidios in California

13

Where did a battle take place in California during the Mexico spanish war?  and what happened?

Took place in Monterey

The Capital at  Monterey was burned down

14

Did Mexico win independence?

YES

15

After the war ended, who controlled Alta California?

Mexico

16

Who was Pablo Vicente de Sola?

He was the Spanish govenor of Alta California

17

Did the people in alta california accept Mexican rule?

YES

18

There were new laws put in place in alta california  How did trade change?

How did the new trade laws  help california?

The new Law allowed other countries to  with California

It helped California's economy

19

WHy did the NEW Mexican governement want to end the mission system in alta california?

1.  Missions had become very powerful

2  missions reminded people of Spanish rule

 

20

WHo was Jose Figueroa?

He was the Mexican govenor of  California

21

What was secularization?

End of church rule of the Missions

22

What would happen to all the missions under Jose Figueroa's plan under secularization  ?

1.He wanted the missions to become pueblos and each mission church would become the pueblos church

2.and he wanted Indians to  get  1/2 mission lands

23

Did Jose Figuerroa think the Indians should get Mission land?  Did the Indians get land?

YES

No the Indians got very little land

24

How did Mexican leaders hope to help the Indians?

by getting land

25

Who was Lorenzo Assara?

He was an Indian living at Mission Santa cruz

 

he said Indians got old mares and not healthy horses

26

What probelms did Indians have that kept land?

They lacked the tools and animals needed for farming

27

WHy was it difficult for Indians to return to their old ways of life?

Because they had been born and raised in Missions new spanish ways of agriculture and it was difficult to go back to hunters and gathers

28

In the end, what did the Indians do after the Missions were secularized?

had no choice but to work for the Californios and the new settlers

29

Why did crillos, Indians, and mestizos want independence from spain?

To be free because they were treated poorly

30

How did new laws change life in Calfornia?

they could trade with different countries and it improved the economy

31

How did life change for mission Indians under Mexican rule?

they got little land and then worked for the Californio and the new settlers- 

32

How did Mexican independence affect life in Alta California?

because the Mexicans ruled alta california and laws changed, trading opened to other countries,  secularization of Missions happend, and indians had to go work for new settlers and Californiios

33

What was the location of the only battle fought in alta california during the mexican war for independence?

Monterey

34

WHy do you think the new Mexican government wanted to trade with  other countries

beause they had other products and goods and could gain wealth

35

WHy did the Mexican governemtent close the missions and how did this affect california indians?

the missions reminded the Mexicans of Spanish rule and the Missions had become powerful- it affected the Indians because they had no where to live and had to go work for the new settlers and Californios

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