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Flashcards in Chapter 4- Metaphysics Deck (47)
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What is idealism?

The belief that mind is reality

1

What is materialism

Matter is the ultimate reality

2

What is monism?

The belief that reality is ultimately one all encompassing thing that is, matter or mind

3

What is dualism

The belief that reality consists of two fundamentally different things, matter and mind

4

What did Heraclitus believe

All things come and pass with accordance to the logos

5

What is paremenides monism

The belief that everything is timeless and unchanging. Nothing can deteriorate because those are forms of non being

6

What is platos idea of forms

That everything in the universe is partake of it's form in heaven

7

Are forms vulnerable

No, forms can not be subjected to change

8

What is the ultimate truth and ultimate reality

It is empty

9

How many kinds of substances were there according to Descartes

2

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What is a thinking substance according to Descartes

A thing that's essence is thought

11

What is an extended substance

A thing that's essence is to take up space

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What was spinozas criticism of Descartes view of the substance

He said it was a contradiction to believe there are multiple kinds of substances. There can only be one that is only dependent on itself

13

Who believed that everything finite is an expression of the infinite substance

Spinoza

14

What did Heidegger attempt to do

Reawaken the sense of wonder

15

What is at the top of platos hierarchy of forms

Good

16

What is Abu nasr's diagnosis of zasetsky

Zasetskys agent intellect is not damaged, but his active intellect is.

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What are the four types of intellect

Potential, active, acquired, agent

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What would be ibn sinas diagnosis

His mind is fine, his brain is damaged. This will heal when he dies

19

What are Descartes six parts of the mind

Immateriality, unity, thinking, self-knowing, immortality, and innate ideas

20

What would be lockes diagnosis

Zasetskys mind is greatly diminished. There is no difference between the mind and the brain and his blank slate is ruined

21

What is kants diagnosis

Part of Zasetskys reality is damaged but he is still aware so it's not that bad

22

What is identity theory

Mental states are identical to brain states

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What was hillary putnams critique of identity theory

Activities going on in human minds could be going on in another animals. So we can't just apply mental states to brain states

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What is the quaila criticism of identity theory

Conscious states are subjective and qualitative while brain states are not

25

What is eliminative materialism

The belief that common sense psychology will be eliminated and replaced with neuroscience

26

What are the three cosmological arguments according to Thomas aquinas

Prime mover, uncaused cause, independent from dependency

27

What was Bertrand Russell's criticism of the cosmological argument

There should be an explanation as to why the first cause is exempt from causation

28

What are the 7 forms of atheism

Strong atheism, weak atheism,agnosticism, strong agnosticism, weak agnosticism, agnostic theism, apatheism

29

What are the 5 arguments of atheism

Argument from poor design, argument from non belief, argument from parsimony, omnipotence paradox, argument from free will