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what is aesthetics?

the study of beauty and artistic taste

1

what are the 7 main fields of philosophy

philosophical reasoning and logic, metaphysics, ethics, epistemology, the philosophy of science, social and political philosophy, aesthetics

2

what does philosophical reasoning and logic deal with

the pursuit of truth and reasoning. what counts as a valid argument

3

what field of philosophy examines the nature of being and asks big questions

metaphysics

4

what kind of questions does ethics ask

how should we conduct ourselves? what counts as good behaviour

5

what is epistemology about

knowledge, inquiries, how do we know something

6

what are the 6 enduring understandings

seeing strengths in others' arguments is a virtue. it is important to bring in history and cultural sensitivity into our of what is being argued. it is important to consider all answers before choosing one. you can change your mind. be clear. see philosophy everywhere

7

what is an abductive argument

an argument in which the conclusion is "best guess"

8

what is an argument

the reasons that support a particular conclusion

9

what is a conclusion

a decision, judgement, or opinion reached by reasoning

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what is contradiction

a statement that is contrary to another statement

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what is a deductive argument

an argument in which the conclusion is reached with reasoning

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what is formal logic

the study of deductive arguments

13

what is an inductive argument

and argument in which the conclusion is a general rule that is probably true based in specific premises that are true

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what's an invalid deductive argument

An argument in which the conclusions does not follow the premises

15

what is the principle of sufficient reason

a belief that everything (whether it is a thing, event, or a proposition) must have a reason or cause

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what is a proposition

a statement that is considered to be either true or false

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what is reasoning

the process of forming conclusions, judgements, or inferences from facts or premises

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what is a valid deductive argument

an argument in which the conclusion logically follows the premises

19

what is the value of philosophy according to Bertrand Russell

it enriches thought with big ideas that are worth contemplation.

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what are the three branches of philosophy studied in this course

ethics, epistemology, and metaphysics

21

what is the law of the excluded middle

a law that states that a specific proposition is either true or false. with no middle ground

22

what is the law of identity

a law that states that a thing is the thing same as itself: A is A

23

what is the law of non contradiction

a law that states that a proposition cannot be true and false at the same time in the same respect

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what is logical entailment

a relationship in which the conclusion must be true because the premises are true

25

what is ockhams razor

a rule of thinking that favours the simplest solution and used fewest entities to solve the problem

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what is a premise

a statement that is assumed to be true to reach a conclusion

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What is philosophy

The love of wisdom

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What does philosophy begin with

wonder

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Why is philosophy valued by bertrand russell

it can enlarge our thoughts and free us from the restrictions of habits and customs