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Flashcards in Metaphysics Deck (18)
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What is ontology

The study of the nature of reality and the nature of being

1

What is idealism

The belief that reality ultimately consists of ideas

2

What would idealist say about things that are simply composed of matter such as mountains and pineapples

They are manifestations of your mind

3

What is materialism

The belief that reality ultimately consists of matter

4

What would a materialist say about feelings, and consciousness

They are complex material phenomena. Everything can be explained with matter

5

What is the idea of monism

The belief that reality consists of one all encompassing thing that is mind, matter, or neither

6

What is dualism

The belief that reality ultimately consists of two fundamentally different things, matter and mind

7

What did Heraclitus believe

He believed that everything is constantly changing and everything is in the process of becoming

8

What are logos

Something that governs the change in the world but does not itself change

9

What is the main idea of process philosophy

The belief that change is an essential part of reality

10

Did paramenides agree with Heraclitus' view on the changing reality

No, he stated that being is timeless, uniform, motionless, indivisible, and independent

11

What philosopher came up with the idea of forms and what are forms

Plato
Forms are interpretations of a perfect thing in heaven

12

What did plato believe to be the most important form

Goodness

13

Who believed that everything is empty

Nagarjuna

14

Why is everything empty

It is dependent

15

What is the ultimate truth and reality according to Buddhists

There is no ultimate truth or reality. Theories are empty

16

What were the two kind of substances according to Descartes

Extended substances and thinking substances

17

What did Spinoza believe

All things are forms of the ultimate substance (God) and they expressed and exist in finite ways