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Flashcards in Chapter 49 Deck (44)
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1

What genetic disease is characterized by progressive weakness and degeneration of the skeletal muscles that control movement?

Muscular dystrophy

2

Individuals with physical impairments often are forced to travel a considerable distance to find a facility where their insurance is excepted because many clinicians choose not to participate in Medicare or Medicaid

Both statements are true

3

Which of the following is an inherited condition?

Cystic fibrosis

4

Persons who have no bowel or bladder control must utilize a catheter attached to a bag. Always check to ensure that the bag remains below the level of the chair to prevent backflow

Both statements are true

5

Which of these types of muscular dystrophy primarily affects boys?

Duchenne

6

A dental hygienist who is uncertain about how to act with a patient who has a disability should do which of the following?

Ask the patient

7

—— Is a hereditary disease characterized by progressive hypotonia and muscular weakness

Spinal muscular atrophy

8

Which of the following is an example of people first language?

?

9

Persons with physical impairments commonly take anti-seizure drugs. All of the following are anti-seizure drugs except which one?

Atropine

10

Which of the following is a correct method for transferring patients?

Two clinicians are needed to transfer a patient from the wheelchair to the dental chair

11

The congressional act that protects patients with disabilities and that allows them public access is

Americans with disabilities act (ADA)

12

What type of etiology is the physical impairment of a newborn caused by the mothers alcohol consumption?

Teratogenic

13

Order the steps in the tell show do approach

-Tell the patient what you want them to do
-Show the patient
-Do the action
-Have patient perform the action
-Give positive feedback

14

What is the main barrier people with impairments face in regard to receiving healthcare?

Financial barriers

15

—— Define’s overactive muscles contracting when they should be at rest

Hypertonic

16

Your patient is used to being transferred from her wheelchair by her care provider. Therefore you should perform a single person transfer from the wheelchair to the dental chair

Both statement and the reason are incorrect

17

Latex allergy is prevalent among those with spina bifida due to multiple hospitalizations and surgeries which increase their exposure to latex products. Patients with spina bifida will require a wheelchair transfer because it is seldom advisable to treat in the wheelchair

The first statement is true, the second statement is false

18

—— Defines a birth defect in which the backbone and spinal canal do not close before birth. It is a neural tube defect in which the bones of the spine do not completely form, resulting in an incomplete spinal canal. Also called myelomeningocele

Spina bifida

19

Rings of bone called vertebrae surround the spinal cord. In general, the lower the spinal injury occurs, the more dysfunction a person will experience

The first statement is true, the second statement is false

20

—— is a genetic disease characterized by progressive weakness and degeneration of the skeletal muscles that control movement

Muscular dystrophy

21

Latex allergy is prevalent among people with which of these conditions?

Spins Bifida

22

Which of the following is not a protocol for patients with a history of seizures?

?

23

—— Is an abnormal accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid in the ventricles of the brain that may cause enlargement of the skull

Hydrocephalus

24

What are the thoracic vertebrae?

?

25

Which of these is considered one of the basic activities of daily living (BADL)?

Grooming

26

Select the statement that best describes normalization

Training impaired individuals to lead more independent lives

27

Which of these is the most common degenerative disease of the nervous system in children?

Spinal muscular atrophy

28

In a two person wheelchair transfer, the first clinician should place his or her arms under the patient’s upper arms and grasp the patient’s wrists. The second clinician should place both hands under the patient’s lower thighs

Both statements are correct

29

All of the following are auto immune conditions except for one. Which one is the exception?

Bell palsy

30

Identify the phrase that does not represent people first language

Handicapped parking