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Flashcards in Chapter 5 Deck (84):
1

Acquired immunity

Immunity that the body developed after overcoming a disease, through inoculation, or through exposure to natural allergens such as pollen, cat dander, and ragweed

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Allergy

Reaction due to extreme sensitivity to certain foods, chemicals, or other normally harmless substances.

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Antiseptics

Chemical germicides formulated for use on skin; registered and regulated by the food and drug administration (FDA)

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Aseptic procedures

A process of properly handling sterilized and disinfected equipment and supplies to reduce contamination

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Asymptomatic

Showing no symptoms or signs of infection

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Autoclave

A device for sterilization by steam under pressure

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Acquired immune deficiency syndrome

Abbreviated AIDS: a disease that breaks down the body's immune system. AIDS is caused by the the human immunodeficiency virus HIV

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bacilli

Short rod-shaped bacteria. They are the most common bacteria and produce diseases such as tetanus, typhoid fever, tuberculosis, and diphtheria.

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Bacteria

One-celled microorganism stay have both plant and animal characteristics. Some are harmful; some are harmless.

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Bactericidal

Capable of destroying bacteria

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Binary fission

The division of bacteria cells into two new cells called daughter cells

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Bioburden

The number of viable organisms in or on an object or surface or the organic material on a surface or object before decontamination or sterilization

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Bloodbourne pathogens

Disease causing microorganisms carried in the body by blood or body fluids, such as hepatitis and HIV

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Body substance isolation

Abbreviated BSI a system of precautions developed by a Seattle hospital in 1987 to prevent the spread of communicable disease.

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Cheating soaps

Also known as chelating detergents. Detergents that break down stubborn films and remove the residue of products such as scrubs, salts, and masks

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Clean

Also known as cleaning: a mechanical process using soap and water or detergent and water to remove all visible dirt and many disease causing germs.

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Cocci

Round shaped bacteria that appear singly or in groups. The three types of cocci are staphylococci, streptococci, and diplococci

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Contagious disease

Also known as communicable disease. A disease that is spread from person to person.

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Contamination

The presence or the reasonably anticipated presence of blood or other potentially infectious materials on an items surface or visible debris.

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Cross contamination

Contamination that occurs when you touch one object and then transfer the contents of that object to another, such as touching skin, then touching a product without touching your hands

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Decontamination

The removal of blood or other potentially infectious materials on an items surface and the removal of visible debris or residue.

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Dermatophytes

A type of fungi that causes skin, hair and nail infections.

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Diagnosis

Determination of the nature of a disease from its symptoms and or diagnostics tests. Federal regulations prohibit salon professionals from performing a diagnosis

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Diplococci

Spherical bacteria that grow in pairs and cause diseases such as pneumonia

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Direct transmission

Transmission of blood or body fluids through touching, coughing, sneezing or talking

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Disease

An abnormal condition of all or part of the body, or its systems or organs, that makes the body incapable of carrying on normal function.

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Disinfectants

Chemical products that destroy all bacteria, fungi, and viruses on surfaces

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Disinfection

Also known as disinfecting. The process that eliminates most, but not necessarily all, microorganisms on nonporous surfaces. This process is not effective against bacterial spores

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Efficacy

The ability to produce an effect

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Exposure incident

Contact with nonintact skin, blood, body fluid, or other potentially infectious materials that is the result of the performance of an employee's duties.

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Flagella

Also known as cila. Slender hair like extensions used by bacilli and spirilla for locomotion.

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Folliculitis

Barbers itch. Inflammation of the hair follicles caused by bacterial inception from ingrown hairs.

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Fungi

Microscopic plant parasites including molds, mildews, and yeasts. Can produce contagious disease such as ring worm.

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Fungicidal

Capable of destroying fungi

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Hepatitis

A bloodbourne virus that causes disease and can damage the liver

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Hospital disinfectants

Disinfectants that are effective for cleaning blood and body fluids

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Human immunodeficiency virus

HIV. Virus that causes aquired immune deficiency AIDS

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Human papillomavirus

HPV. and also known as plantar warts. A bird that can infect the bottom of the foot and resembles small black dots.

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Immunity

The ability of the body to destroy and resist infection. Immunity against disease can be natural or aquired and is a sign of good health

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Indirect transmission

Transmission of blood or body fluids through contact with an intermediate contaminated object ex. Razor

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Infection

The invasion of body tissues by disease causing pathogens

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Infection control

Methods used to reduce chances of infection spreading

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Infectious

Capable of being transmitted by infection

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Infectious disease

Diseas caused by pathogenic microorganisms.

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Inflammation

Condition in which body reacts to injury, irritation, infection. Redness, heat, swelling, pain

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Local infection

Confined to a part of the body (pimple)

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Material safety data sheet

MSDS. Info compiled by manufacturer about the product

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Methicillin resistant staphylococcus aureus

MRSA. type of bacteria that's highly resistant to conventional treatments like antibiotics

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Microorganisms

An organism of microscopic or submicroscopic size

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Mildew

Type of fungus. Affects plants or grows on inanimate objects

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Motility

Self movement

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Multiuse

Re-usable

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Mycobacterium fortuitum

Microscopic germ in tap water

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Natural immunity

Inherited immunity

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Nonpathogenic

Harmless microorganisms

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Nonporous

No pores

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Occupational disease

Illness resulting from work environment

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Parasites

Grow feed and get shelter in host. Contributes nothing to hosts survival

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Parasitic disease

Disease caused by parasites

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Pathogenic

Harmful microorganisms

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Pathogenic disease

Disease caused by pathogens

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Personal protective equipment

PPE. Clothing designed to protect individuals from bloodbourne pathogens

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Phenolic disinfectants

Powerful tuberculosis disinfectants. Very high pH. Can damage skin and eyes

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Porous

Has pores or openings

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Pus

Created by infection

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Quanternary ammonium compounds

Quats. Disinfectants that are very effective when used properly

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Sanitizing

Chemical process reducing number of disease causing germs

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Scabies

Contagious skin disease caused by itch mite

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Single use

Disposable. Throw it away after one use

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Sodium hypochlorite

Bleach

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Spirilla

Spiral shaped bacteria. Syphilis or Lyme disease

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Standard precautions

Precautions such as wearing protective goggles to prevent blood or body fluids from getting to your eye

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Staphylococci

Pus forming bacteria. Grows in clusters.

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Sterilization

Completely destroys all microbial life

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Streptococci

Pus forming bacteria arranged in curved lines like a string of beads

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Systemic disease

Effects the body as a whole

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Tunes pedis

Ringworm fungus. Athletes foot

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Tinea versicolor

Sun spots. Non contagious fungal infection

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Toxins

Various poisonous substances produced by some microorganisms

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Tuberculocidal disinfectants

Kills tuberculosis

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Tuberculosis

Disease spread by coughing or sneezing

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Universal precautions

UP. A set of guidelines published by OSHA that require employer and employee to assume blood has pathogens in it

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Virucidal

Destroys viruses

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Virus

Parasitic submicroscopic particle that infects and resides in the cells of biological organisms