Chapter 8 Flashcards Preview

Esthiology Freshman Block > Chapter 8 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 8 Deck (51):
1

Alternating current

Abbreviated AC: rapid and interrupted current, flowing first in one direction and then in the opposite direction; produced by mechanical means and changes directions 60 times per second

2

Active electrode

Electrode of an electrotherapy device that is used on the area to be treated

3

Ampere

Abbreviated A and also know as amp. Unit that measures the amount of an electric current (Quantity)

4

Anaphoresis

Process of infusing an alkaline product into tissue from the negative pole towards the positive pole

5

Anode

Positive electrode; the anode is usually red and marked withN or a minus sign

6

Blue light

A light emitting diode for use on the clients acne

7

Cataphoresis

Process of forcing an acid product into deeper tissues using galvanic current from the positive pole toward the negative pole; tightens and calms skin

8

Cathode

Negative electrode; the cathode is usually black and marked N or with minus sign

9

Chromophore

A color component of the skin found at different depths, such as blood or melanin.

10

Circuit breaker

Switch that automatically interrupts or shuts off an electric circuit at the first sign of overload

11

Complete electric circuit

The path of electric currents moving from the generating source through conductors and back to the generating source

12

Conductor

Any substance, material, or medium that easily transmits electricity

13

Converter

Apparatus that changes direct current to alternating current

14

Desincrustation

Process used to soften and emulsify sebum and blackheads in the follicles

15

Direct current

Abbreviated DC: constant even flowing current that travels in one direction only and is produced by chemical means

16

Electric current

The flow of electricity along a conductor

17

Electricity

Movement of particles around an atom. Creating pure energy

18

Electrode

AKA probe. Applicator for directing the electric current from an electrotherapy device to clients skin

19

Electromagnetic spectrum

AKA electromagnetic spectrum of radiation. Made up of all forms of energy whose spectrum ranges from the longest waves to the shortest

20

Electrotherapy

The use of electrical devices to treat the skin and for therapeutic benefits

21

Fuse

A special device that prevents excessive current from passing through a circuit

22

Galvanic current

A constant and direct current. Uses a positive and negative pole to produce the chemical reactions and ionic reactions

23

Green light

A light emitting diode for the use on clients with hyperpigmentation or for detoxifying the skin.

24

Grounding

The ground connection completes the circuit and carries the current safely away to the ground

25

Inactive electrode

Opposite pole from the active electrode

26

Infrared light

Has longer wavelengths, penetrates deeply, has less energy, and produces more heat than visible light. Makes up 60% of natural sunlight

27

Insulator

Non conductor. Doesn't conduct electricity

28

Intense pulse light

Light device that uses multiple colors and wavelengths of focused light to treat spider veins, hyperpigmentation, redness, wrinkles, pores, and excessive hair

29

Invisible light

Light at either end of the visible spectrum of light that is invisible to the naked eye

30

Iontophoresis

AKA ionization. Process of infusing water-soluble products into the skin with the use of an electric current

31

Kilowatt

1000 watts. Abbreviated K

32

Laser

Light Amplification Stimulation Emission of Radiation. Used for hair removal and skin treatments

33

LED

Light-Emitting Diode. A device used to reduce acne. And improve collagen in skin

34

Light therapy

The application of light rays to the skin for the treatment of acne, wrinkles, capillaries, pigmentation, or hair removal

35

Microcurrent

And extremely low level of electricity that mirrors the body's natural electrical impulses

36

Milliampere

One-thousandth of an amp

37

Modalities

Currents used in electrical facial and scalp treatments.

38

Ohm

Abbreviated O. Unit that measures the resistance of electric current

39

Photo thermostats

Process of light from a laser turning into heat

40

Plug

Two or three pronged connector at the end of an electrical current

41

Polarity

Negative and positive pole of an electric current

42

Rectifier

Apparatus that changes alternating current to direct current

43

Red light

A light emitting diode for the use on clients in the stimulation of circulation and collagen and elastin production.

44

Tesla high frequency current

Also know as violet ray. Heat producing current with a high rate of vibration. For scalp and facial treatments

45

Ultraviolet radiation

Invisible rays that have short wavelengths, least penetrating, produce chemical effect, kills germs

46

Visible light

The primary source of light used in facial and scalp treatments

47

Volt

Unit that measures the pressure of the flow of electrons through a conductor

48

Watt

Measures how much energy is being used in one second

49

Wavelength

Distance from peak to peak between electromagnetic waves

50

White light

Combination of all visible rays of the spectrum

51

Yellow light

A light emitting diode which aids in reducing inflammation and swelling