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Flashcards in Chapter 5 Deck (21):
1

Erikson's stages

- trust vs. mistrust
- autonomy vs. shame
- initiative vs. guilt

2

does development end at adulthood

no!

3

trust vs mistrust

- new parents consistently respond to newborn's needs, he/she develops trust (to attachment)
- with proper balance of trust and mistrust, infants develop hope; openness to new experience while knowing possibility of danger

4

autonomy vs shame

- understanding that child can control his/her actions counteracts with doubt and shame
- blend of these leads to will: knowledge that child can interact intentionally on own environment

5

initiative vs guilt

- results in purpose: balance between individual initiative and willingness to cooperate with others.

6

Attachment

- a strong affectional tie that binds a person to an intimate other
- behavioral system through which humans regular their emotional distress when under treat and achieve security by seeking proximity to another person

7

four phases in growth of attachment

- Bowlby
- preattachment
- attachment in the making
- true attachment
- reciprocal relationship

8

preattachment

- infants recognize mother's smell and sound

9

attachment in the making

- interact more with caregiver
- begin to identify the primary caregiver

10

true attachment

- single out attachment figure and show her trust

11

reciprocal attachment

- infants are able to initiate interactions and understand the parent's feelings and goals

12

attachment in four different forms

- secure (60-65%)
- resistant (20%)
- avoidant (10-15%)
- disorganized/disoriented (5-10%)

13

secure attachment

- baby might not cry when mother leaves the room, but wants to be with her when she returns
- 60-65%

14

avoidant attachment

- baby does not cry when mother leaves and looks away from her when she returns
- type of insecure
- 20%

15

resistant

- baby is upset when mother leaves and still upset and hard to console when she returns
- type of insecure
- 10-15%

16

disorganized attachment

- baby is confused when mother leaves and returns, acts in contradictory ways toward mother
- type of insecure
- 5-10%

17

baby with secure attachment

- interact successfully their preschool peers
- when parents respond predictably and appropriately

18

insure attachment babies

- impact social development
- linked with later anxiety, anger, and aggression

19

basic emotions:

- experienced by people worldwide and consist of subjective feeling, physiological change, and overt behavior
- joy anger, fear, interest, disgust, distress, sadness, and surprise
- newborns experience all by 8 months.

20

social smiles

- indicate joy
- at 2 months

21

stranger wariness

- indicates fear
- emerges at 6 months.