Flashcards in Chapter 5 Deck (61):
Verbal communication is the _______ or ____ words or ______ we exchange
Writen or oral
Verbal communication includes the ___________, _______, and ________ __ ______
Pronuciation, accent and meanings of words
T/F: Children from families who converse and eat meals together on a regular basis do NOT have higher self-esteem and do NOT interact better with their peers
Seven Functions of Language
Functions to inform
Use of language to obtain what you need or desire. (One of the seven functions of language)
Use of language to control or regulate the behaviors of others. (One of the seven functions of language)
Use of language to communicate information or report facts. (One of the seven functions of language)
Use of language to acquire knowledge and understanding (One of the seven functions of language)
Use of language to establish and define social relationships (one of the seven functions of language)
Use of language to express individuality and personality (one of the seven functions of language)
Use of language to express oneself artistically or creatively (One of the seven functions of language)
What are the four compenents of language?
T/F: Every language has its own rules of grammar
The study of the sounds that compose individual languages and how these sounds communicate meaning. (Also one of the four components of language)
The rules that govern word order (One of the four compenents of language)
The study of meaning (One of the four compenents of language)
Field of study that emphasizes how language is used in specific situations to accomplish goals (One of the four components of language)
Two examples of semantics (HINT: The types of meanings)
Literal meanings of words
Interpretive meanings of words
Branch of pragmatics that suggests that when people communicate, they do not just say things, they also do things with their words
Speech act theory
Example of speech act theory. Most common act among U.S. family contexts.
Pragmatics requires _________ and __________ knowledge
Cultural and contextual
Pragmatics may be ________ or __________
Direct of indirect
Turn taking is an example of this
Define the pragmatics appropiate for the communication situation and vary by culture
These govern the way we communicate and vary somehwat from context to context
A variation of language distingushed by its vocabulary, grammar and pronunciation
When ________ influence several aspects of language, speakers have a specific DIALECT
T/F: Men and women are more different in verbal communication
Much of the differences between men and women's verbal communication stem from ________, _______, and ____________
Power, status and expectations
Perceptions of gender differences are influences by ___________ and ____________ factors.
Relational and situational factors
T/F: Verbal communication, particularly word choice, is subject to varation by age
The influence of shared characteristics of a group that was born and reared in the same general period
T/F: Most common influence is on pronunciation
Ethnicity and race influences verbal style through ______, _____, and _____ ______
Syntax, accent and word choice
T/F: Ethnic groups speak the same language with similar styles
Faaaallllssseee. they unique.
A version of english that has its roots in West African, Carribean, and U.S. slave languages
African American Vernacular English
The practice of language or dialect to accommodate to the communication situation
The specialized terms that develop in many professions
Those who argue that any idea can be expressed in any language and that the structure and vocabulary of the language do not influence the speaker's perception of the world
Those who argue that language serves not only as a way for us to voice our ideas but "is itself the shaper of ideas, the guide for the individual's mental activity"
Idea that the language people speak determines the way they see the world (a relativist)
Explores the role of power in daily interactions
_________ groups set the norm
__________ maintains and reinforces power
T/F: Society tends to value more male communication style
So false. We da best.
Messages associates dialects and accents with __________ __________
Accents and variations set off ____________
T/F: Labels for others offer important messages about power relations
Use of verbal communication to attack others based upon some social category (unethical)
Comments that reject or invalidate a positive or negative self-image of our conversational partnera
Comments that validate positive self-images of others
Three ways to improve verbal communication "I Statements"
Describe other person's behavior
Describe your feelings about the other person's behavior
Describe the consequences the other person's behavior has for you
Imrpove your verbal communication skills by becoming aware of the ________ language has to influence _______ _______
The slang cards exercise showed what?
The language is arbitrary
Three reasons for learning about verbal communication
Plays an important part in our lives
Assists us in developing relationships
Helps us create identities
Helps us accomplish every day tasks
Influences on verbal communication
Ethinicity & race
Education & Occupation
Tracey: Guess what? I earned an A on my midterm.
Lou: Wow, it must ave been an easy test.
This is an example of what kind of communication?
Disconfirming bc Lous is kind of an asshole
Also bc he is promoting a negative self-image fo Tracey