Flashcards in Chapter 8 Deck (65):
The movement, migration, or scattering of people away from an established or ancestral homeland
Due to this, increasing cultural diversity within the US, and the Internet, understanding intercultural communication is vital
travel abroad programs
Studying intercultural communication can lead to success in these contexts
Domestic and international business contexts
Lack of attention to this can lead to costly disasters in business effectiveness
Fostering interethnic relations calls for this
Working toward stability in a region to prevent conflicts from escalating into war
T/F: People are not motivated to solve "intractable conflicts"
Studying of intercultural communication can increase this by making us more aware of our own cultural identity and communication patterns
This may depend on your social and economic position
Enhanced self awareness
Communication that occurs in interactions between people who are culturally different
Learned patterns of perceptions, values, and behaviors shared by a group of people
Culture is ____, ____, and operates within
Operates within societal power structures
Many people live in what kind of environments?
People who live between cultures and often experience contradictory cultural patterns
What are 3 ways to become a border dweller?
3. participation in an intercultural relationship
People who are border dwellers by choice for an extended time, such as immigrants
Voluntary long-term travelers
People who are border dwellers by choice and for a limited time, such as study-abroad students or corporate personnel
Voluntary short-term travelers
People who are border dwellers permanently but not by choice, such as those who relocate to escape war
Involuntary long-term travelers
People who are border dwellers not by choice and for only a limited time, such as refugees forced to move
Involuntary short-term travelers
What are 2 types of challenges for border dwellers?
1. culture shock
2. reverse culture shock/reentry shock
A feeling of disorientation and discomfort due to the lack of familiar environmental cues
Culture shock experienced by travelers upon returning to their home country
Reverse culture shock/reentry shock
Multiple ? may exist because of one's race, sexual orientation, or religion
Attempts to do this may lead to exclusion, pressure to assimilate, or cultural limbo
T/F: Attitudes toward intercultural relationships have improved in recent decades
What is the best way to promote growth?
Negotiating cultural tensions on the borders requires?
flexibility and adaptability
People who feel disintegrated by having to shift cultures
Encapsulated marginal people
People who thrive in a border-dweller life, while recognizing its tremendous challenges
Constructive marginal people
Beliefs that are so central to a cultural group that they are never questioned
A value orientation that respects the autonomy and independence of individuals
A value orientation that stresses the needs of the group
What orientation is the us
These cultures have a nuclear family household
In individualistic cultures, children are ____ and parents are expected to not be a what?
Autonomous (live on their own by late adolescence)
- not to be a burden on their children when they age
A value orientation that expresses whether it is more important for a person to "do" or "be"
Working to achieve material gain
Importance of experiencing life and relationships
A value orientation that expresses whether humans are fundamentally good, evil, or a mixture
View of human nature
This view includes rehabilitation and innocent until proven guilty
Humans as good
This view includes punishment and incarceration
Humans as evil
The perceived relationship between humans and nature. Some cultures believe natures rule us, we rule nature, or that we can exist in harmony
Human-nature value orientation
A value orientation that refers to the extent to which less powerful members of institutions and organizations within a culture expect and accept an unequal distribution of power
The dimension of a society's value orientation that reflects its attitude toward virtue or truth
Long-term versus short-term orientation
A value orientation that stresses the importance of possessing one fundamental truth. Monotheistic
Belief in one god
A value orientation in which people stress the importance of virtue.
Belief in more than one god
This emphasizes simultaneous contradictory truths; this approach is useful in responding to cultural contradictions
Instead of either/or, the dialectic approach emphasizes
The dialectic approach is useful in responding to what
The dialetic approach challenges what kind of thinking?
Thinking in which things are perceived as either/or, for example: good or bad, right or wrong, big or small
This example of the dialectic approach emphasizes that some behaviors are determined by our culture, while others are idiosyncratic
This dialectic approach emphasizes that the individual and the situation are simultaneously important
This dialectic approach emphasizes that differences and commonalities between cultures can both be present
This example of the dialectic approach emphasizes that cultural patterns can undergo dynamic change
This dialectic approach emphasizes the need to understand the past and be aware of current events (emphasizes both the present and the past influences on culture)
This example of the dialectic approach emphasizes that cultural members can be simultaneously privileged in some ways while disadvantaged in others
These have the power to influence perceptions, understanding, and communication patterns of contemporary intercultural interactions on all relationship levels
Political and historical forces
What 2 things provide the best environment for improving interracial attitudes?
Integrated religious institutions and educational institutions
What determines whose cultural values will be respected and followed?
A significant minority group within a dominant majority that does not share dominant group values or communication patterns