Chapter 5: The Integumentary System Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 5: The Integumentary System Deck (27):
0

What are the 6 functions of skin?

1.) Body temperature regulation
2.) Reservoir for blood
3.) Protection from external environment
4.) Cutaneous sensations
5.) Excretion and absorption
6.) Vitamin D synthesis

1

Keratin is..

A protein that helps to protect and waterproof the skin.

2

Providing immunity to the body is the result of...

Langerhans cells

3

Which (oil) gland is associated with hair follicles?

Sebaceous

4

Which gland is found in the external auditory meatus (ear canal)?

Ceruminous

5

Perspiration(sweat) is produced by..

Sudoriferous

6

And inflammation of the sebaceous glands results in the skin condition called

Acne

7

What are the pigments of skin?

Melanin, carotene, and hemoglobin

8

Type of cells that produces pigments that result in skin color are..

Melanocytes

9

Freckles are the result of..

Patches of melanin

10

The layer of the epidermis which contains cells that are capable of cell division is the

Stratum basale

11

Adipose tissue is found in what layer of skin?

Subcutaneous

12

Stratum corneum is..

The layer of skin that contains dead cells

13

When an individual is cold, the ________ muscles contract.

Arrector pili

14

The papillary layer of the _______ is the layer of the skin that contains blood vessels.

Dermis

15

Stratum corneum..

Is the outermost layer of the epidermis

16

Stratum lucidum is...

The layer of the epidermis in the skin found in the palm of the hand or foot.

17

This layer of the skin becomes keratinized...

Stratum corneum

18

_________ is the medical speciality that can be diagnosed and treat skin disorders.

Dermatology

19

_________ is the inherited condition in which individuals can't produce melanin.

Albinism

20

Meisner's corpuscles are...

Receptors in the DERMIS that are sensitive to touch

21

Merkel cells(tactile cells) are...

In the EPIDERMIS and also sensitive to touch

22

Part of the nail that extends past the finger...

Free edge

23

Base of the hair follicle..

Bulb

24

The cuticle of the skin is made up of...

Stratum corneum of epidermis

25

What does matrix do?

Produces new hair cells by cell division

26

The main function of the hair is...

Protection