Chapter 52-test 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 52-test 2 Deck (35):
1

Parietal cells

Stomach
Secrete hydrochloride acid
Intrinsic factor

2

Chief cells

Stomach
Secrets pepsinogen

3

Exocrine of pancreas

Trypsin
Amylase
Lipase
Carbohydrates, fats, proteins

4

Liver functions

Metabolism
Protection
Stores

5

Liver stores

Iron
Magnesium
Vitamins A D E K

6

Liver protective

Kupffer cells
Engulf bacteria
Drugs, alcohol, chemicals

7

Liver metabolism

Breaks down amino acids to remove ammonia, convert to urea

Secrets bile(fat)

8

Increase in AST, ALT

Think gallstones

9

RLQ

Large intestine
Appendix
Ovary

10

LLQ

Ovary

11

RUQ

Liver
Gallbladder

12

LUQ

Spleen
Stomach

13

Mouth to anus

25 feet

14

Small intestine

16-19 feet

15

Large intestine

5-6 feet

16

Names of the small bowel

Duodenum
Jejunum
Ileum

17

Atrophic gastritis

Occurs because of bacterial overgrowth

18

Interventions for stomach

Bland food
Increase vitamins and iron
Epigastric pain

19

Large intestine interventions

High fiber
More fluid
Activity

20

Steatorrhea

Fat in feces
Pancreas

21

Dyspepsia

Indigestion
Heartburn

22

CT question

Allergic to shellfish/ iodine?

23

Abdomen inspection

Inspection
Auscultation
Percussion
Palpation

24

Bulging, pulsating mass

Do not touch
May have abdominal aortic aneurysm

25

Peristalsis is seen

Intestinal obstruction

26

Borborygmus

Increase intestinal sounds
Diarrhea with intestinal obstruction

27

Bruits sounds

Swooshing sounds
Heard over aorta indicates aneurysm
Do not touch

28

Dull percussion

Enlarged organ

29

CBC

Anemia
Infection

30

CMP

Liver
Pancreas
Electrolytes

31

Urine tests

Protein
Can also find amylase
Bilirubin too

32

Blood

Ammonia- can liver convert ammonia to urea?

33

Occult

Blood
Fat
Cdiff
Parasites
WBC

34

Bilirubin

Primary pigment in bile

35

EGD

NPO after midnight
Can see from mouth to duodenum