Final 48 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Final 48 Deck (21):
1

Tympanic membrane

Should appear pearly grey

2

Assess history

Ear infections
Balance
Tinnitus
B12 deficiency
Smoker
Diabetic
HTN?

3

Assess drug history

Gentamicin
Diuretics
NSAIDs
Chemo

4

Conductive hearing loss

External or middle ear

5

Sensorineural

Inner ear or acoustic nerve

6

Weber and Rinne test

Tuning fork
Tests for conductive or sensorineural

7

Weber

Fork in middle of head
Sound equal in both ears

8

Rinne

Compares air conduction with bone conduction
Normally heard 2-3 times longer by air conduction

9

Auditory brainstem evoked response

Assess hearing with patient who are deaf

10

Electronystagmography

Central and peripheral disease of vestibular system

11

Caloric testing

Evaluates auditory nerve
Water or air infused into ear.
Normal response is vertigo and nystagmus with in 30 seconds

12

Dix-hallpike test for vertigo

Whip them up from laying position
See if they have nystagmus

13

Furuncle

Boil

14

Perichondritis

Infection when you get ear Pierced

15

Mastoiditis

Middle ear infection that spreads
Meningitis

16

Earwick

Used to instill antibiotics

17

Acute otitis media

Pulling ear, fever, fullness, pressure

18

Serous otitis media

Sterile, middle ear fluid
Blocked by respiratory illness

Antihistamines and decongestants get rid of fluid

19

Labyrithitis

Caused by acute or chronic otitis media
S/S hearing loss, tinnitus, nystagmus

20

Acoustic neuroma

Benign tumor
Cranial nerve #8
Hearing, facial movements
Treatment: craniotomy

21

Presbycusis

Sensiorineural auditory loss that occurs with aging