Chapter 53-test 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 53-test 2 Deck (19):
1

Stomatitis

Broad term that refers to inflammation in oral cavity

2

Aphthous ulcers

Canker sores

3

Primary stomatitis

Aphthous (noninfectious) stomatitis

4

Secondary stomatitis

Infection by opportunistic viruses, fungi, bacteria in those who are immunocomprised

5

Priority care for stomatitis

Oral care
Soft, non acidic foods
Coffee, potatoes, cheese, nuts, citrus, gluten -allergic reaction causing aphthous ulcer

6

Oral candidiasis

White plaque lesions
Wiped away, underlying surface is red and sore

7

Dysphasia may cause

Airway obstruction
Aspiration
Pneumonia
Malnutrition

8

Leukoplakia

Slowly developing in oral mucous
Thickened, white, firmly attached patches
Cannot be easily scraped off
Slightly raised, sharply rounded

9

Leukoplakia lesions on lips or tongue

Likely to be malignant

10

Causes of leukoplakia

Mechanical factors
Denture
Cheek nibbling
Broken teeth

11

Hairy leukoplakia

HIV patients

12

Leukoplakia priority care

Oral care

13

Erythroplakia

Red, velvety mucosal lesions on the surface of oral mucosa
PRECANCEROUS

14

Squamous cell carcinoma

94% of oral cancers begin on surface

Smokers
Alcohol
Age 40
oral lesions raises red erosion
Linked to HPV

15

Squamous cell priority

Airway
Infection
Thick, stringy secretions

16

Basal cell carcinoma

On lips
Looks like scab
Raised, pearly border
No Metz

17

At risk for basal cell carcinoma

Sunbathers
Tanning

18

Kaposis sarcoma

Malignant lesion in blood vessels
Raised purple modular or plaque plain less
Hard palate

19

Kaposis sarcoma risk

AIDS