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Flashcards in Final 19 Deck (22):
1

AIDS first identified in

1981

2

HIV looking for

CD4 receptors

3

Distinction between HIV and AIDS

Number of CD4+ T cells patient has and wether any opportunistic infections have occurred

4

Diagnosis of AIDS requires

HIV +
AND
CD4 T cell count of <200
OR
An opportunistic infection

5

HIV stage 1

CD4 and T cell count >500

6

HIV stage 2

200-499

7

HIV stage 3

<200

8

HIV stage 4

Any patient with confirmed HIV but no information on CD4 and T cell counts

9

HIV transmission

Sexual
Parenteral
Perinatal (placenta)

10

ABCs of safer sex

Abstinence
Be faithful
Condoms

11

People at risk

Healthcare workers
Code red: needle stick
Standard precautions best prevention

12

Assessment

Flu like symptoms
Rash
Weight loss
History

13

Clinical manifestations

Opportunistic
Malignancies
Kaposi's sarcoma*
Lymphoma
Endocrine--diabetes 1

14

Other clinical manifestations

AIDS dementia
AIDS wasting
Skin changes

15

Laboratory values

Viral load= amount present in blood compared to other body fluids
Increased levels= increased transmission

16

If ELISA is positive then

Confirm with western blot (expensive)

17

Wanted labs

CBC with diff
Ptt, INR
CMP:liver
STDs
Toxoplasmosis
All hep screens

18

NRTIs

Fools reverse transcriptase

19

NNRTIs

Inhibits reverse transcriptase

20

PIs

Blocks protease enzyme and prevents viral replication

21

Fusion inhibitors

Blocks CD4 receptors

22

Safe sex

Latex or polyurethane condoms
Latex gloves
Dental dams
Vaginal gel