Chapter 6 Medication Errors Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 6 Medication Errors Deck (16):
1

Medication Errors

*Preventable
*Common cause of adverse health care outcomes
*Effects can range from no significant effect to directly causing disability or death

2

Common Classes of Medications Involved in Serious Errors

*Antibiotics
*Anticoagulants
*Antidiabetic drugs (Particularly insulin)
*Antieoplastic (anticancer) drugs
*Cardiovascular drugs
*Central nervous system-active drugs (e.g., opiates, anesthetics)
*Vaccines

3

Minimize verbal or telephone orders by:

*Repeat to prescriber
*Spell drug name aloud
*Speak slowly and clearly

4

List:

Indication next to each order

5

Avoid:

Medical shorthand, including abbreviations and acronyms

6

Never:

assume anything about items not specified in a drug order (i.e., route)

7

Do not hesitate to:

hesitate to question a medication order for ay reason when in doubt

8

Do not try to:

decipher illegibly written orders; contact prescriber for clarification

9

NEVER:

Use "trailing zeros" with medication orders

10

Do not use:

1.0 mg; use 1 mg

11

Misread doses

1.0 mg could be misread as 10 mg, resulting in a tenfold dose increase

12

ALWAYS

use a "leading zero" for decimal dosages

13

Do not use:

.25 mg; use 0.25 mg

14

Misread doses:

.25 mg; may be misread as 25 mg

15

Always listen to:

and honor any concerns expressed by patients regarding medications

16

Check patients

allergies and identification