Chapter 7- Jewish, Early Christian, Byzantine, & Early Medieval Art Flashcards Preview

Art History > Chapter 7- Jewish, Early Christian, Byzantine, & Early Medieval Art > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 7- Jewish, Early Christian, Byzantine, & Early Medieval Art Deck (54)
1

A picture that recounts an event drawn from a story, either factual or fictional

narrative image

2

A picture that expresses or embodies an intangible concept or idea.

iconic image

3

The Vestibule or entrance porch of a church

narthex

4

An unroofed interior couryard in Roman house, sometimes having a pool.

atrium

5

Any structure designed with a rectangular shape.

longitudinal plan

6

Aisles next to the nave

side aisles

7

The topomost zone of a wall with windows in basillica, extending above the aisle roofs.

clerestory

8

The arm of the crucifrom church, perpendicular to the nave.

transept

9

Any Structure designed with a primary central space surrounded by symmetrical areas on each side.

central plan

10

Arcs that separate the side aisles

nave arcade

11

The concave triangular section of a vault that forms the transition between a square or polygonal space and the circular base of a done.

pendentives

12

A Church or Chapel built over the grace of a martyr.

martyrium

13

a title of Christ represented as the ruler of the universe, especially in Byzantine church decoration.

Pantokrator

14

An almond-shaped area in whcih a sacred figure, such as Christ is represented.

mandorla

15

a representation, in Byzantine art, of Christ harrowing hell.

anastasis

16

A handwritten book or document.

manuscript

17

A painting on paper or parchment used as illustration and/or decoration for manuscripts or albums

illumninated

18

A manuscript page

folio

19

The banning and/or destruction of icons and religious images.

iconoclasm

20

A screen covered with icons that separates the sanctuary (where the altar is located) from the congregational space in an Orthodox church.

iconostasis

21

A technique for decorating gold in which tiny balls of the precious metal are fused to the main surface in a pattern.

granulation

22

A technique in which powdered glass is applied to a metal surface in a decorative design.

enamel

23

A type of linear decoration in which ribbonlike bands are illusionistically depicted as if woven under and over one another.

interlaces

24

A room in a monastery housing a workshop for writing or copying manuscripts.

scriptorium

25

Characteristic feature of insular that illuminated manuscripts.

Carpet Pages

26

What was Luke's image?

Ox

27

What was John's image?

Eagle

28

What was Mark's image?

Lion

29

What was Matthew's image?

Man

30

The combining of different, often contradictory beliefs, while blending practices of various religions

Syncretism

31

When was the fall of the Western Empire?

476

32

When was Iconoclam & the Middle Byzantine?

726

33

When was Christianity divided into two Parts? AKA The Schism

1054

34

When did the West occupy Constantinope?

1204

35

When was Constantinople Captured?

1453

36

This year was the end of Byzantine art?

1453

37

The late Byzantine empire fell to who?

The Ottoman Turks

38

Who was Justinians Wife?

Theodora

39

What 3 roles do the men in the Mosaics in San Vitale represent?

-Church -Military -Emperor

40

What does Purple Symbolize?

Byzantine Royalty

41

What does not from human hands mean?

Acheriropoieta

42

Who built the first Temple?

Solomon

43

Where is the Ark of the Covenant?

Under the Dome of the Rock

44

Which Edit made Christianity the offical Religion?

380 Edit of Thessalonica

45

Hagia Sophia means?

Holy Wisdom

46

Which two buildings did Justinian Comission?

-Hagia Sophia -San Vitale

47

Menorah's and the Ark of the Covenant

 

-Object in the Middle is the Ark of the Covenant

-Found in Catacombs

48

Mosaic Floor of the Beth Alpha Synagogue

-Rounded structure at the top is the apse.

-The Torah would go in the apse

 

49

Golden Haggadah

-Pigments of Gold Leaf on Vellam

-Depicts Parting of the Red Sea

-Made for Passover

-Audience was a wealthy family in Spain.

50

Catacomb of Priscilla

-Rome, Italy

-Entrance to Catacomb

51

Church of Hagia Sophia

-Emperor that comissioned was Justinian I

-Made of Brick and Ceramic

-The First one was destroyed and the second one was burned

-It was first a Chruch, then a mosque, and is now a museum.

52

Hinged Clasp

-Sutton Hoo

-Gold Plaques

-Inayed

53

Anastasis

-Figure behind Christ is a Mandorla

(A Mandorla is an Almond shaped area for a holy person)

54

Christ Pantocrator, Monastary St. Catherine

-Gift from Justinian to Monastary

-Encaustic Painint on Wood