Chapter 7-Oral Communications Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 7-Oral Communications Deck (32)
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1

Which element of the speech communication process is the person who originates the process?

Sender

2

Which element of the speech communication process is the response by the audience to the message presented by the sender?

Feedback

3

Graphs, slides, and transparencies are:

visual channels

4

Laughter and applause are examples of:

feedback

5

Which element of the speech communication process is the communication environment that includes the physical location, time, and the attitude of the sender and receiver?

Context

6

An effective speaker:

bases the speech on reliable data and analysis.

7

Which type of speech uses a strong argument based on reliable data in order to create a change in belief, behavior, or attitude?

Persuasive

8

Which type of speech uses humorous stories or anecdotes?

Entertainment

9

Which type of speech may be the most difficult to develop?

Persuasive

10

According to Monroe's Motivated Sequence Pattern, which step comes after gaining the attention of the audience?

Need-Describe the problem

11

According to Monroe's Motivated Sequence Pattern, what should be done to help audience members visualize the change?

Provide a vivid example of the results and how it will affect member of the audience.

12

Informative speeches are usually about topics such as people, objects, and abstract ideas, but not about ____ ____.

actions needed

13

Build on the familiar is a principle of which kind of speech?

informative

14

T/F Adaptation is the basis for all audience-centered speeches.

True

15

When making a report presentation, the first step is to:

make an immediate statement of purpose

16

In a report presentation, explain the ____ of the new course of action to increase the likelihood that the audience will listen and pay attention.

benefits

17

T/F-Public relations speeches provide a positive image and relationship with the community.

True

18

All media questions should be directed to the ____ if one is on scene.

Public Information Officer (PIO)

19

What is the first step in preparing a speech?

Select a topic

20

The key to a successful oral presentation is to:

analyze the audience.

21

Audience adaption means:

developing or adjusting a speech to fit the audience.

22

Supporting data can be incorporated into the body of a speech through

testimony

23

Which part of a speech gets the audience's attention?

the introduction

24

Which format for organizing speeches divides the central idea into even, natural divisions?

Topical

25

What format for organizing speeches follows a timeline from start to finish?

Chronological

26

What speech-writing organizational method places the most important information at the beginning of the body of text?

Primacy

27

What speech-writing organizational method moves from simple ideas to more complex?

Complexity

28

Which form of speech delivery relies on notes or an outline of the speech?

extemporaneous

29

Use ____ gestures when speaking to a large group.

large

30

Communication studies indicate that a speaker's ____ communicates significant information to the audience.

posture

31

Use ____, how high or low the voice is, to maintain the listener's attention.

pitch

32

Effective speakers evaluate their speeches to determine

if the speech was understood.