Chapter 8 Flashcards Preview

5th Grade Social Studies > Chapter 8 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 8 Deck (33):
1

In order to convince the anti-federalist to ratify the constitution, the federalist promised to add a

Bill of rights

2

How many states were needed to ratify the constitution

9

3

The first amendment gives people

Freedom of speech and freedom of religion

4

The purpose of checks and balances is to

Keep any One branch from becoming too powerful

5

When George Washington became president he made what is today called the presidents cabinet how many men were in the first presidents cabinet

3

6

All people have the right to a fair trial. This right is given to us in the US Constitution. What is this right called

Due process of law

7

Which branch of government makes laws and passes taxes

Legislative

8

Which branch of government nominate Supreme Court judges

Executive

9

Which branch of government can override the presidents Veto

Legislative

10

The members of the presidents cabinet are all leaders of certain departments of the government they are called his

Secretaries

11

Why did many delegates insist on adding 10 amendments to the constitution soon after it was ratified?

To protect the basic rights of people

12

The Connecticut plan lead to the development of the great compromise. whose idea was the Connecticut plan

Roger Sherman

13

The 3/5 compromise did what

Count slaves as 3/5 of a person

14

Anti-federalist wanted to limit the power of the federal government before they would ratify the constitution. What does ratify mean

To Approve

15

Bill of rights

The first 10 amendments

16

Due process of the law

All people have the right to a fair trial

17

Cabinet

The presidents advisors

18

Political parties

Groups of people with similar beliefs on how to run a country

19

Reserved powers

Powers that are given to only the states

20

Which branch is the president a part of

Executive

21

Which branch is congress a part of

Legislative

22

Which branch settles disputes between the states

Judicial

23

Which branch includes the nine justices

Judicial

24

Which branch enforces the laws

Executive

25

Which branch can raise an army

Legislative

26

What was Edmund Randolph’s idea

Virginia plan

27

Which plan was based on population

Virginia

28

Which plan was William Pattersons idea

New Jersey plan

29

Congress only had one part in which plan

New Jersey

30

George Washington

President of the constitutional convention

31

Edmund Randolph

His idea was to ditch the articles of confederation
he made the Virginia plan

32

James Madison

He wanted a strong national government

33

Patrick Henry

He wanted to keep the articles of confederation